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Brain Diseases

New Type of Prion May Cause, Transmit Neurodegeneration

Multiple System Atrophy is Described as First New Human Prion Disease Identified in 50 Years ...

Association between low vitamin D and MS

Having low levels of vitamin D doubles the risk of developing multiple sclerosis, an association that researchers conclude supports a causal relationship ...

New research sheds light on the molecular origins of Parkinson’s disease

As Parkinson’s disease progresses in patients, a puzzling dichotomy plays out in their brains. One set of neurons degenerates, while a similar population nearby is spared the same degree of damage. Why the difference? An answer to this question could clear the way for preventions and treatments for this disease, which impairs movement. ... Full story

Study supports fast-track to clinical trials for new Parkinson’s treatment

Researchers at the University of York have played a key role in research which has found a potential new use for a drug used for decades to treat liver disease in treatment to slow the progression of Parkinson’s disease. ... Full story

Scientists identify trouble spot in brain linked to learning difficulties in Down syndrome

New brain research has mapped a key trouble spot likely to contribute to intellectual disability in Down syndrome. In a paper published in Nature Neuroscience, scientists from the University of Bristol and UCL suggest the findings could be used to inform future therapies which normalise the function of disrupted brain networks in the condition. ... Full story

Overeating Caused By Hormone Deficiency in Brain?

New Rutgers study finds absence of peptide linked to preference for fatty food and eating for pleasure rather than hunger ... Full story

Low levels of hormone linked to social deficit in autism

In children with autism, low levels of the hormone vasopressin predict a social deficit that affects their ability to empathize with others. ... Full story

Increasing prevalence of autism is due, in part, to changing diagnoses

UNIVERSITY PARK, PA. -- The greater than three-fold increase in autism diagnoses among students in special education programs in the United States between 2000 and 2010 may be due in large part to the reclassification of individuals who previously would have been diagnosed with other intellectual disability disorders, according to new research. ... Full story

NTU scientists discover potential treatment for Parkinson’s disease

Scientists from Singapore’s Nanyang Technological University (NTU Singapore) and McLean Hospital and Harvard Medical School in the United States have found that existing anti-malaria drugs could be a potential treatment for Parkinson’s disease. ... Full story

Researchers Identify a Novel Disease Gene Causing Neurodegenerative Disorders

Researchers at the University of Miami have discovered and characterized a previously unknown disease gene linked to the degeneration of optic and peripheral nerve fibers. The study titled “Mutations in SLC25A46, encoding a UGO1-like protein, cause an optic atrophy spectrum disorder” is published in the journal Nature Genetics. ... Full story

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