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Digestive System

Host sequesters zinc to control stomach bug

Helicobacter pylori colonization of the stomach causes chronic inflammation and is a major risk factor for gastric cancer. H. pylori strains that ...

Update on New Treatments for Liver Diseases

Bethesda, MD — Cirrhosis and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are two serious liver conditions with limited pharmacological treatments. The December ...

Medical researcher gets the scoop on poop

UAlberta researcher tests fecal microbial transplant to treat recurring C. difficile infection and inflammatory bowel disease ... Full story

New Computer Model Predicts Gut Metabolites to Better Understand Gastrointestinal Disease

MEDFORD/SOMERVILLE, Mass-- Tufts University School of Engineering researchers and collaborators from Texas A&M University have published the first research to use computational modeling to predict and identify the metabolic products of gastrointestinal (GI) tract microorganisms. Understanding these metabolic products, or metabolites, could influence how clinicians diagnose and treat GI diseases, as well as many other metabolic and neurological diseases increasingly associated with compromised GI function. The research appears in the November 20 edition of Nature Communications (doi: 10.1038/ncomms6492). ... Full story

Shift in gut bacteria observed in fiber supplement study may offer good news for weight loss

URBANA, Ill. – Most Americans don’t get the daily recommended amount of fiber in their diet, though research has shown that dietary fiber can cause a shift in the gut toward beneficial bacteria, reducing the risk of colon cancer, type 2 diabetes, and other diseases. ... Full story

Suffering from constipation? Self-acupressure can help

UCLA Center for East-West Medicine research shows how Eastern and Western medicine can blend to find solutions to this common problem ... Full story

New drug for common liver disease improves liver health

An experimental drug aimed at treating a common liver disease showed promising results and potential problems in a multicenter clinical trial funded by the National Institutes of Health. ... Full story

Weight influenced by microbes in the gut

Our genetic makeup influences whether we are fat or thin by shaping which types of microbes thrive in our body, according to a study by researchers at King’s College London and Cornell University. ... Full story

Compared with Apes, People’s Gut Bacteria Lack Diversity, Study Finds

AUSTIN, Texas — The microbes living in people’s guts are much less diverse than those in humans' closest relatives, the African apes, an apparently long evolutionary trend that appears to be speeding up in more modern societies, with possible implications for human health, according to a new study. ... Full story

Scientists Generate 1st Human Stomach Tissue in Lab With Stem Cells

CINCINNATI—Scientists used pluripotent stem cells to generate functional, three-dimensional human stomach tissue in a laboratory—creating an unprecedented tool for researching the development and diseases of an organ central to several public health crises, ranging from cancer to diabetes. ... Full story

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