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Digestive System

Research explains how cellular guardians of the gut develop

Even the most careful chosen meal can contain surprises. To defend against infectious microbes, viruses or other potential hazards that find their ...

Do Gut Bacteria Rule Our Minds?

In an Ecosystem within Us, Microbes Evolved to Sway Food Choices ...

New Frontiers of Fecal Microbiota Transplantation

Bethesda, MD – Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is one of the most innovative new treatments of the 21st century. Experts believe that this procedure, which transplants microbes from one human gut to another through fecal matter, could offer the cure to a vast range of diseases and shed new light on the role of the microbiome in gastrointestinal diseases. ... Full story

Gut microbiota affects intestinal integrity

Bacteria in the gut help the body to digest food, and stimulate the immune system. A PhD project at the National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, examines whether modulations of the gut bacterial composition affect intestinal integrity, i.e. the ability of the body to maintain a well-regulated barrier function that hinders bacteria from entering the body unintentionally. ... Full story

Gut Microbes Browse Along a Gene Buffet

Collaboration between the host and microbes of the gut is finely tuned ... Full story

New Research Sheds Light on Hirschsprung's Disease

Madison, Wisconsin - Babies born without nerves in their large intestines, a condition known as Hirschsprung’s disease, could benefit from two new studies in mice that shed light on how the condition develops. ... Full story

'Normal' Bacteria Vital for Keeping Intestinal Lining Intact

(BRONX, NY) — Scientists at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have found that bacteria that aid in digestion help keep the intestinal lining intact. The findings, reported online in the journal Immunity, could yield new therapies for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and a wide range of other disorders. ... Full story

Pepper and Halt: Spicy Chemical May Inhibit Gut Tumors

Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that dietary capsaicin – the active ingredient in chili peppers – produces chronic activation of a receptor on cells lining the intestines of mice, triggering a reaction that ultimately reduces the risk of colorectal tumors. ... Full story

Diet Affects Men’s and Women’s Gut Microbes Differently

AUSTIN, Texas — The microbes living in the guts of males and females react differently to diet, even when the diets are identical, according to a study by scientists from The University of Texas at Austin and six other institutions published this week in the journal Nature Communications. ... Full story

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