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Study on brown bears provides insight into human gut microbial ecology

The feeding habits of brown bears go from extreme energy consumption during the summer months to a zero energy intake during winter ...

Gut reaction: Bacteria play gender roles

Gut bacteria play vastly different roles in men and women even when the microbe balance of the gut looks exactly the same, ...

Immunotherapy for Epstein-Barr related lymphomas: First Health Canada green light goes for clinical trial

Imagine that your immune system could be educated so that it was able to recognize specific diseases and then destroy them. Science fiction? Or perhaps futuristic? Not anymore. Health Canada recently approved, for the first time in Canada, a clinical project for a Phase I study aimed at treating lymphomas associated with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) through adoptive cellular immunotherapy that is specific to EBV. ... Full story

Study Reveals Effects of Delivery Mode and Diet on Infant Gut Microbiome

There is an important association between the way in which infants are delivered and fed, and the composition of microbiome (the overall communities of bacteria) in their intestines at six weeks of age, according to a recent Dartmouth-led study published in JAMA Pediatrics. ... Full story

Conditions Found that Promote Proliferation of Blood-Forming Cells in Fetal Liver

(BRONX, NY)—A study directed by Paul Frenette, M.D., is featured on the cover of today’s print edition of Science. In experiments involving mice, Dr. Frenette and his colleagues have solved a mystery surrounding the development of hematopoietic stem cells in utero. Dr. Frenette is professor of medicine and of cell biology and chair and director of Einstein’s Gottesman Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine Research. ... Full story

Therapeutic protein targets liver disease

Research led by Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine identifies a protein that ameliorates liver damage caused by diet induced obesity. ... Full story

New for weight loss: balloon therapy

By Jim Dryden - Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and Barnes-Jewish West County Hospital are offering a newly approved, nonsurgical therapy to help people lose weight. The therapy involves placing special balloons into the stomach and inflating them to give patients the feeling of being full after eating small meals. ... Full story

Gut microbes: Burning calories while you sleep?

Study links changes in gut bacteria to lower resting metabolic rate and weight gain in mice ... Full story

Pancreatitis often caused by gallstones - also statins increase risk

Idiopathic pancreatitis is often caused by small gallstones that are difficult to observe prior to surgery, shows a study from the University of Eastern Finland. Small gallstones were found in surgery from two out of three idiopathic pancreatitis patients. The study also showed that acute pancreatitis was more common in statin users than non-users. ... Full story

Yale study identifies key protein that contributes to colitis

The cause of Ulcerative Colitis, a debilitating disease of the intestine, is unclear. A Yale-led study has illuminated the role of a protein that plays a key part in the development of the condition. ... Full story

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