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Digestive System

New test may improve diagnosis and treatment of pancreatobiliary and other gastrointestinal cancers

By collecting samples from the portal vein -- which carries blood from the gastrointestinal tract, including from the pancreas, to the liver ...

Exploring Our Bacterial Ecosystem

By Katherine S. Pollard, PhD / Gladstone News - The human microbiome plays a role in processes as diverse as body ...

Study in Mice Suggests Coconut Oil Can Control Overgrowth of a Fungal Pathogen in GI Tract

BOSTON —A new inter-disciplinary study led by researchers at Tufts University found that coconut oil effectively controlled the overgrowth of a fungal pathogen called Candida albicans (C. albicans) in mice. In humans, high levels of C. albicans in the gastrointestinal tract can lead to bloodstream infections, including invasive candidiasis. The research, published in mSphere, suggests that it might be possible to use dietary approaches as an alternative to antifungal drugs in order to decrease the risk of infections caused by C. albicans. ... Full story

Stomach surgery secret: It bypasses the sweet tooth

By Bill Hathaway - Gastrointestinal surgeries for obesity may be effective because they reduce appetite by acting upon the brain’s reward center and reducing cravings for sugar, Yale researchers have found. ... Full story

The gut microbiota can influence the effectiveness of dietary treatments

Why a dietary treatment works for some but not others seems to depend on interactions between the gut microbiota and the diet. A new study, published in Cell Metabolism, shows that people with better control of blood sugar after eating barley kernel bread also have a different balance of microbes in the gut. ... Full story

Faster digestion in kangaroos reduces methane emissions

Why does a kangaroo expel less methane than a cow? Researchers from the University of Zurich and Australia decide to investigate – and discovered that the emission of this climate-damaging gas in kangaroos is linked to how long food is digested. ... Full story

Lifestyle a risk factor for celiac disease

Celiac disease incidence has increased among Swedish children between 2 to 15 years. ... Full story

SLU Studying Investigational Medicine for Common Stomach Problem

Researchers Will Enroll Participants with Gastroparesis ... Full story

The Canadian experience on pediatric liver disease: Early diagnosis is critical

OTTAWA — A first-of-its-kind national study on pediatric Autoimmune Hepatitis (AIH), a progressive inflammatory liver disease, was released today in the esteemed journal, Pediatrics. ... Full story

Off-Kilter: Penn Study Identifies Differences in Treatment Effect on Out-of-Balance Microbiome in Crohn's Disease

PHILADELPHIA - Different treatments for Crohn's disease in children affects their gut microbes in distinct ways, which has implications for future development of microbial-targeted therapies for these patients, according to a study led by researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. Their work revealed that an imbalance in the normally diverse array of microorganisms that populate the intestines of children is more complex than previously thought in pediatric Crohn's patients. ... Full story

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