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Digestive System

Fecal transplant study suggests personalised approach is best

Simone Li, the first UNSW student accepted into a prestigious joint PhD program at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory in Heidelberg, has ...

Gut bacteria may predict risk of life-threatening infections following chemotherapy

Study could help physicians choose care path for some cancer patients ...

What our gut tells us about the ‘hygiene hypothesis’

New research supports the ‘hygiene hypothesis,’ showing how differences in the bacterial communities found in the infant microbiome in westernized versus developing countries can affect the human immune response. ... Full story

World’s first population-level microbiome study reveals links between lifestyle and gut flora

The Flemish Gut Flora Project, one of the largest population-wide studies on gut flora variation among healthy volunteers, has presented its first major results. Through the analysis of more than 1,000 human stool samples, a team of researchers led by professor Jeroen Raes (VIB/VUB/KU Leuven) has identified 69 factors that are linked to gut flora composition. These results provide important information for future disease research and clinical studies. The project’s fundamental insights will be published in the upcoming issue of the leading academic journal Science. ... Full story

The gut microbiomes of infants have an impact on autoimmunity

Exposure to pathogens early in life is beneficial to the education and development of the human immune system. ... Full story

Poo transplants better understood

For the first time, scientists studying stool transplants have been able to track which strains of bacteria from a donor take hold in a patient’s gut after a transplant. The team, led by EMBL with collaborators at Wageningen University and the Academic Medical Centre, both in the Netherlands, and the University of Helsinki, Finland found that compatibility between donor and patient likely plays a bigger role in these transplants than previously thought. The study, published today in Science, could help make stool transplants a valid treatment option for more conditions than they are currently applied to. ... Full story

Researchers find cause of rare gastric disease

An international study – led by QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute – has discovered the genetic cause of a rare gastric condition that can lead to stomach cancer. ... Full story

Study Discovers Link Between Celiac Disease Risk and a Noncoding RNA

Suggests factors outside of protein-coding genes play a role in celiac disease ... Full story

Survivorship improving for acute liver failure patients, 16-year analysis finds

DALLAS – April 5, 2016 – More patients hospitalized with acute liver failure – often the result of acetaminophen overdose – are surviving, including those who receive a liver transplant and those who don’t, an analysis led by a UT Southwestern Medical Center researcher showed. ... Full story

Researchers to study link between gastric bypass and alcohol abuse

By Cathy Wilde - BUFFALO, N.Y. – A new collaborative study from the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions and the Penn State College of Medicine will investigate why a significant percentage of people who undergo gastric bypass surgery develop alcohol abuse problems. ... Full story

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