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Surgical repair of phrenic nerve injury improves breathing

By Amy Albin FINDINGS A study led by UCLA researchers found that in people with breathing difficulties caused by phrenic nerve injury ...

Study finds key regulator in pulmonary fibrosis

By Ziba Kashef A Yale-led research team has identified an important enzyme that could lead to new therapies for a chronic fatal lung ...

UIC researchers study diagnostic error in asthma, COPD

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have been awarded a $1.5 million grant from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality to study the impact of diagnostic error on outcomes for pulmonary patients and the use of lung-function testing in primary care. ... Full story


Administration of 50 mg per day of vitamin E decreased the risk of pneumonia in elderly male smokers by 72% after they quit smoking, according to a paper published in Clinical Interventions in Aging. ... Full story

No safe level of coal dust exposure as miner’s disease makes comeback

The health of thousands of past and present coal mine workers is potentially at risk, in the wake of revelations that black lung disease is making a comeback. ... Full story

Toxins from Food Mold Weaken Airways' Defenses to Cause More Damage

Anti-Inflammatory Drugs May Strengthen Airway Immunity to Fight Infections, Penn Study Suggests ... Full story

Circulating Immune Cells as Biomarkers for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Neuherberg - Researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum München, a partner in the German Center for Lung Research (DZL), have discovered that the number of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) is increased in the blood of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The higher the number of MDSC, the more limited the lung function. The findings on this new biomarker have now been published in the ‘European Respiratory Journal’. ... Full story

Can airway hyperreactivity in COPD identify an asthma-COPD overlap phenotype?

Airway hyperreactivity, which is determined by a positive bronchoprovocation challenge test, is a typical feature of bronchial asthma. Airway hyperreactivity may thus represent a subgroup of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who have an “asthmatic" component. However, there are no diagnostic tools for identifying COPD patients with asthmatic features and little is known on how (or if) the asthmatic features modify patient-related outcomes in COPD. ... Full story

Ship Engine Emissions Adversely Affect Macrophages

Neuherberg - Ship emissions adversely affect the health of inhabitants of coastal regions. This was the main finding of a study on the influence of ship engine emissions on macrophages in the lungs conducted by scientists of Helmholtz Zentrum München and the University of Rostock in cooperation with colleagues of the University of Luxembourg, the Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine, the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and the University of Eastern Finland, which has now been published in the journal PLOS ONE. Since macrophages also play a key role in lung diseases such as COPD, the study is important for understanding the health risks of ship exhausts. ... Full story

Viruses turbo-charge bacterial evolution in cystic fibrosis infections

Scientists at the University of York have found new evidence that tiny viruses called bacteriophages turbo-charge the evolution of bacteria that cause lung infections in Cystic Fibrosis patients. ... Full story

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