The medical societies today released a joint statement to outline the core competencies and technical skills required to optimize clinical outcomes when performing coronary-based interventions. This new report—an update to the initial 2007 statement—responds to challenges presented by the changing landscape of the interventional cardiology field and evolving views on how best to define and assess clinical competency specifically related to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and other coronary-based interventions in adult patients.
Outlined in the revised document are new and adjusted benchmarks to assist with measuring and judging operator and institution performance of coronary-related procedures. PCI is now widely practiced and is an integral part of contemporary cardiovascular therapy. Over 600,000 coronary interventional procedures are performed annually in the United States. While there has been a decline in the number of procedures performed in the last decade, these interventions continue to evolve and are being performed in more complex, often sicker patient populations. Because of dramatic advances in PCI, including new technological innovations and its expanded use to treat increasingly complex types of coronary artery disease, clinicians and hospitals must stay current through practice-based learning, formalized training and continuing education.
“We can’t be in every cath lab across the country, so one way to track competency is to define and measure key outcomes,” said Theodore A. Bass, MD, cardiovascular division chief and medical director of the University of Florida Shands Cardiovascular Center in Jacksonville, Fla., vice chair of the writing committee and president of the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions. “In the past, we focused mostly on cognitive competency – what does someone know. But when we talk about procedurally based skills, competency also involves the actual performance of the procedure. Practicing physicians and hospitals need to assure that these skill sets and support systems are in place to facilitate delivering optimal care to our patients.”
Procedural volume – the number of times an individual physician or institution performs PCI – has been widely used as a surrogate for competency; this implies that higher volumes are associated with greater success rates in PCI, most notably, improved clinical outcomes. While historically volume has served as a a useful measure, Dr. Bass cautions that it is “not the be-all-end-all.” Consequently, institutional and operator volume measures have been revised in the current report to be more compatible with current practice patterns, societal needs, and patient accessibility to coronary interventions and cath labs keeping in mind desired clinical quality outcomes.
The process of evaluating physicians’ knowledge and skills has become more complex as procedures continue to advance, Dr. Bass said. The report provides a roadmap for what is desirable in terms of clinical experience and skill sets.
“It’s not simply a matter of how many are being done or whether we are putting the stent in the right place. It’s also about our ability to appropriately select patients and, once selected, deliver safe care with optimal outcomes,” said Dr. Bass.
John Gordon Harold, MD, MACC, president of the ACC and chair of the writing committee, said the document goes beyond volume and focuses on competency or outcome-based training and performance requirements.
“It is the first cardiovascular competency statement to fully utilize the six domains structure promulgated by the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education and adopted and endorsed by the American Board of Internal Medicine,” Dr. Harold said. “It goes
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