Rosemont, Ill — NFL players with concussions now stay away from the game significantly longer than they did in the late 1990s and early 2000s, according to research in Sports Health (owned by American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine and published by SAGE). The mean days lost with concussion increased from 1.92 days during 1996-2001 to 4.73 days during 2002-2007.
In an effort to discover whether concussion injury occurrence and treatment had changed, researchers compared those two consecutive six-year periods to determine the circumstances of the injury, the patterns of symptoms, and a player’s time lost from NFL participation. Those time periods were chosen because concussion statistics were recorded by NFL teams using the same standardized form. It recorded player position, type of play, concussion signs and symptoms, loss of consciousness and medical action taken.
Researchers found that in 2002-2007 there were fewer documented concussions per NFL game overall, especially among quarterbacks and wide receivers. But there was a significant increase in concussions among tight ends. Symptoms most frequently reported included headaches, dizziness, and problems with information processing and recall.
Significantly fewer concussed players returned to the same game in 2002-2007 than in 1996-2001 and 8% fewer players returned to play in less than a week. That number jumped to 25% for those players who lost consciousness as a result of the injury.
“There are a number of possible explanations for the decrease in percentages of players returning to play immediately and returning to play on the day of the injury as well as the increased days out after (a concussion) during the recent six year period compared to the first six year period,” write authors Ira R. Casson, M.D.; David C. Viano, Dr. med.; Ph.D., John W. Powell, Ph.D.; and Elliot J. Pellman, M.D. “These include the possibility of increased concussion severity, increased player willingness to report symptoms to medical staff, adoption of a more cautious conservative approach to concussion management by team medical personnel and a possible effect of changes in neuropsychological (NP) testing.”
The article “Twelve Years of NFL Concussion Data” in the Nov/Dec 2010 issue of Sports Health, is available free for a limited time at http://sph.sagepub.com/content/early/2010/10/01/1941738110383963.full.pdf+html
Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach publishes review and original research articles, case studies and more for professionals involved in the training and care of the competitive or recreational athlete. Sports Health is a collaborative, bimonthly publication from the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM), the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM), the American Osteopathic Academy of Sports Medicine, the National Athletic Trainers’ Association (NATA), and the Sports Physical Therapy Section (SPTS), Sports Health. www.sportshealthjournal.org For more information on this press release, please contact Joe Siebelts at Joe Siebelts or 847.292.4900
The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM) is a world leader in sports medicine education, research, communication and fellowship, and includes national and international orthopaedic sports medicine leaders. The Society works closely with many other sports medicine specialists, including athletic trainers, physical therapists, family physicians, and others to improve the identification, prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of sports injuries. For more information, please contact Joe Siebelts at 847/292-4900. Additional information and press releases can be viewed in the newsroom on AOSSM’s Web site at www.sportsmed.org.