Photoactivated chemotherapy (PACT) with coordination compounds is usually based on a (photo) chemical reaction taking place at the metal centre. Patrick Gamez, ICREA research professor who leads the Bio-Inorganic Chemistry Research Group (QBI) of the University of Barcelona (UB), coordinates a study that has developed a new family of photoactivatable cytotoxic molecules of platinum(II) complexes. Researchers in the Department of Pathology and Experimental Therapeutics of the UB, the Material Science Institute of Aragon (ICMA) and the University of Aveiro (Portugal) also participate in the study.
Platinum complexes have been proven successful as metal-based anticancer drugs. One major drawback of chemotherapy is the development of unpleasant treatment related side effects, which are due to the poor selectivity of the therapeutic agents. The coordination compounds described in the study present two photoisomers that interact differently with DNA duplex. “Even more interesting is the fact that each isomer exhibits a different cytotoxic behaviour against various cancer cell lines, one of them being notably more active than the other”, emphasizes Gamez.
Study results, published in the scientific journal Angewandte Chemie, provide new insight into the field of PACT. “We are currently preparing new members of this new category of molecules, and the study of the effect of the photoswitching process inside cells is being set up”, affirms Gamez. Researchers are exploiting a new strategy that consists of “photomodifying” a ligand coordinated to metal ions. They have prepared platinum(II) complexes from photoswitchable ligands, which exhibit two inter-convertible photoisomeric forms that present distinct DNA-interacting properties and cytotoxic behaviours.
Presa, A.; Brissos, R. F.; Caballero, A. B.; Borilovic, I.; Korrodi-Gregório, L.; Pérez-Tomás, R.; Roubeau, O.; Gamez, P. “Photoswitching the Cytotoxic Properties of Platinum(II) Compounds”. Angewandte Chemie, January 2015. DOI: 10.1002/anie.201412157
Universitat de Barcelona