The stark rise shows the impact that a shift in tanning behaviour has had on a whole generation of men and women who would have been in their 20s and 30s during the dawn of cheap package holidays in the 1970s – when sunburn before suntan was a common ritual – and sunbeds arrived in the UK4.
For men in their 60s and 70s the rates of melanoma have risen most dramatically – they are now over seven times more likely to be diagnosed with the disease than in the 1970s.
Sue Deans a 64 year old grandmother from Dorset, was diagnosed with malignant melanoma after discovering a lump in her lymph nodes. She had a mole removed a few years earlier but was shocked to be diagnosed with skin cancer. She had an operation to remove the tumour.
“I was famous for getting brown. When I was younger having a tan was seen to be very attractive and I would spend hours in the sun without any protection. My skin would burn and peel and I would pick off the skin after it had blistered. And then when I was in my early 20s I began going abroad on holiday and would spend most of my time sunbathing.
“I truly believe my skin cancer diagnosis was due to the sunburn I suffered as a child and teenager. If only we’d known at the time how dangerous getting burnt was and the effect it would have 30 to 40 years later. But we just weren’t aware of the risks and how important it was to be safe in the sun and not get burnt.
“There’s nothing clever about having a tan. I am now always careful not to burn by wearing sun screen and sitting in the shade. And my young grandson has very fair skin so I worry about him and make sure he is protected.”
The worrying rise in incidence rates is expected to continue. By 2024 rates in people aged 60-79 are predicted to increase by a third from where they are today 5.
For men and women of all ages melanoma incidence rates have quadrupled since the 1970s.
Caroline Cerny, SunSmart manager at Cancer Research UK, said: “A change in the culture of tanning including the explosion of cheap package holidays and the introduction of sunbeds in the seventies means we’re now seeing alarming rates of melanoma for an entire age group.
“The battle against melanoma is far from won. Today the problem threatens to get worse as teenagers continue to crave a tan on the beach and top it up cheaply on sunbeds. Already skin cancer is predicted to become the fourth most common cancer for men and for women in the UK by 2024. We must continue to try and stop this pattern of behaviour or melanoma rates in future generations will hit an all time high.
“Melanoma is largely preventable. Burning is not only painful and unsightly; it’s a clear sign that UV rays from the sun have damaged the DNA in your skin cells. This significantly increases the chance of developing skin cancer and makes skin look older. People with fair skin, freckles and lots of moles should take extra care in the sun. But everyone should avoid the temptation to redden or burn in order to get a tan.”
There has also been a large increase in the overall death rates. Over a similar period they have more than doubled from 1.2 per 100,000 in 1971 to 2.6 per 100,000 in the UK in 2007.
If melanoma death rates had stayed the same as they were in 1973, around 19,000 fewer people would have died from melanoma6.
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Notes to editors
1New skin cancer statistics
21975-1977 in Great Britain
32004-2006 in Great Britain
4Lazovich, A., & Forster, J. (2005). Indoor tanning by adolescents: Prevalence, practices and polices. European Journal of Cancer, 41(1), 20-27.
5These projections are based on previous trends in cancer incidence since 1975 and produced using statistical models detailed here.
6The mortality rate for melanoma in the UK in 1973 was applied to the populations in the years 1973-2007. The total difference between the deaths that would have occurred in the period 1973-2007 calculated using the 1973 mortality rate was subtracted from the actual number of deaths that occurred in those years. This gives the number of additional deaths that have occurred due to the increases in mortality rate from 1973-2007.
The SunSmart campaign is funded by the UK health departments.
For more information visit the SunSmart website.
Sunbeds and legislation
In Scotland legislation is now in place which bans under 18s from using sunbeds and ensures all sunbed salons are supervised and proper information about the dangers of sunbeds is provided to all customers. In England and Wales there is public concern about the issue and a private member’s bill is going through parliament. In Northern Ireland the health minister plans to introduce a Sunbed Bill in the Assembly before summer recess.
Skin cancer facts
The most common kind of skin cancer is non-melanoma skin cancer. More than 75,000 cases are registered each year in the UK but it is estimated that the actual number is at least 100,000.
More than 10400 cases of malignant melanoma are diagnosed each year in the UK. Incidence rates of this form of skin cancer have quadrupled since the 1970s.
More than 2000 people a year die from malignant melanoma.
Skin cancer: causes + risks
Excessive UV exposure is the main cause of both kinds of skin cancer. Other factors that increase skin cancer risk are:
• People with light eyes or hair, who sunburn easily or do not tan;
• People with a lot of moles, unusually shaped or large moles or a lot of freckles
• A history of sunburn doubles the risk of melanoma;
• Using sunbeds;
• Family history of skin cancer
Finding skin cancer early saves lives.
Remember the SunSmart messages
S pend time in the shade between 11 and 3
M ake sure you never burn
A im to cover up with a t-shirt, hat and sunglasses
R emember to take extra care with children
T hen use factor 15+ sunscreen
Also report mole changes or unusual skin growths promptly to your doctor.