COPD Progression

Lack of oxygen turns cancer cells into dangerous “sleeper cells”

For a long time it was considered an established fact that cervical cancer, which is caused by human papillomaviruses (HPV), depends on two specific viral proteins. If they are absent, the cancer cells stop growing permanently. Scientists at the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) have now discovered that cancer cells reduce the production of these viral proteins during hypoxia – a condition of oxygen deficiency that is very common in tumors. However, this does not lead to final growth cessation, but instead induces a state of dormancy from which the cancer cells can awaken and start proliferating again and may thus cause the cancer to return.