Fact checkedFact Checked

This article is reviewed by a team of registered dietitians and medical doctors with extensive, practical clinical and public health experience.

Best CBD Vape Oil 2023 – Top 10 Strongest CBD Vape Juice

Gleb Oleinik

Updated on - Written by
Medically reviewed by Kimberly Langdon, MD

All articles are produced independently. When you click our links for purchasing products, we earn an affiliate commission. Learn more about how we earn revenue by reading our advertise disclaimer.

CBDfx CBD Vape Oil


  • Wide variety of flavors and formulas
  • Vape-friendly bottle
  • Comprehensive third-party testing

25% Off Coupon: HEALTHCANAL

Pure Hemp CBD Vape Oil

Pure Hemp

  • Full-spectrum CBD formula
  • High CBD potency
  • High-quality Colorado hemp

CBD Essence

CBD Essence

  • Full-spectrum CBD formula
  • Rich in minor cannabinoids
  • Third-party tested

20% Off Coupon: Health20

Many CBD enthusiasts opt for CBD vape oil instead of regular tinctures. We’ve compiled a list of the 10 best CBD vape oil products and a guide with helpful tips.

There’s a good chance you’ve heard something about cannabidiol (CBD). A natural compound found in cannabis plants, CBD has many potential health benefits while lacking the intoxicating effects of its better-known cousin THC. 

Most people use it in the form of CBD oil. However, you can also vape CBD. This has several advantages, including rapid effects, delicious flavors, and the sheer fun of blowing big vapor clouds. 

To vape CBD, you need a vape device filled with CBD vape oil. But with hundreds of products on the market, it’s not so easy to choose a high-quality CBD vape oil that’s right for you.

To make your search easier, we compared countless CBD vape oils on the market by looking at their formula, hemp quality, third-party tests, price, strength options, and other factors. 

Read on for our top 10 recommendations for the best CBD vape oil products.

10 Best CBD Vape Juice (June. 2023)

What Is CBD Vape Oil?

CBD vape oil is a CBD-containing liquid that can be vaporized. Also known as CBD juice and e-liquid, this liquid produces an inhalable vapor when heated up with a vape device. This way, you can inhale CBD and instantly feel its effects.

CBD vape oils typically have three ingredients:

  • CBD (as pure cannabidiol or whole-plant hemp extract)
  • Flavoring
  • Carrier ingredients (the liquids in which the CBD and flavoring are dissolved)

Most CBD vape oils are formulated with two carriers: vegetable glycerin (VG) and propylene glycol (PG). However, some products use alternative options, such as coconut MCT oil or TEC temper. 
CBD vape oil is designed to fill a refillable tank or cartridge on your vape device. That means you’ll need a separate vape device to use it.

Top 10 Best CBD Vape Oil & CBD Vape Juice 2023

CBDfx CBD Vape Juice

CBDfx CBD Vape Oil

25% Off Coupon: HEALTHCANAL

See CBDfx Reviews

CBDfx is the best overall option for high-quality CBD vape juice thanks to its numerous flavors and three unique formulations. 

  • Wide variety of flavors and formulas
  • Vape-friendly bottle
  • High-quality Kentucky hemp
  • Comprehensive third-party testing
  • Not as cheap as some competitors

CBDfx is one of the most popular and established CBD brands in the United States.

CBDfx gets its CBD from organic hemp cultivated in Kentucky. Its products go through comprehensive third-party testing to confirm their safety and potency, with the results posted directly on CBDfx’s website.

When it comes to the best CBD vape oil, CBDfx is always a top pick. That’s because the

company offers three vape e-liquid formulations: regular, terpene-infused, and a full-spectrum additive. 

The regular CBD vape oil provides 500-1000 mg of pure CBD isolate dissolved in VG/PG and nine pleasant flavors. It’s sold in 30 ml plastic bottles with a vape-friendly narrow opening for easy pouring and a protective cap.

Meanwhile, the terpene-infused CBD vape liquid contains 500 mg of pure CBD with four possible cannabis terpene blends, which add both flavor and potential health benefits[1]

Finally, the CBD oil vape additive provides 60-500 mg of full-spectrum CBD dissolved in VG/PG in a 10 ml bottle. It’s meant to be added to existing vape juice. 

This is the ideal formula for people who want to get maximum benefits out of vaping CBD as it contains the full range of phytocannabinoids and other beneficial hemp compounds.

Pure Hemp

The CBD vape oil from Pure Hemp not only has a strong CBD potency of 50 mg/ml but also uses a full-spectrum formula, making it an excellent option for people seeking potent effects. 

  • Full-spectrum CBD formula
  • High CBD potency
  • High-quality Colorado hemp
  • Third-party tested
  • Lacks third-party contaminant tests

California’s Pure Hemp offers a long list of CBD products, including tinctures, edibles, topicals, capsules, and vaping formulations.

Its CBD comes from organic hemp cultivated in Colorado and the company posts third-party lab cannabinoid profile test reports for all products.

Pure Hemp is one of the best options for the strongest CBD vape oil for two reasons. First off, it carries a 50 mg/ml potency, which is considered relatively high. 

Second, the company offers a full-spectrum formula, so you’re getting not only CBD but other phytocannabinoids, terpenes, and other beneficial compounds. 

Pure Hemp’s CBD vape e-liquid is also available in a regular pure CBD version and four different flavors. It uses a standard mix of VG/PG.

CBD Essence Vape E-Liquid

CBD Essence Vape Oil

20% Off Coupon: Health20

See CBD Essence Reviews

If you’re looking specifically for a full-spectrum CBD vape oil, we recommend CBD Essence. 

  • Full-spectrum CBD formula
  • Rich in minor cannabinoids
  • High-quality American hemp
  • Third-party tested
  • Lacks high potency option

CBD Essence was established in 2014, making it one of the more experienced brands on the market. It provides multiple types of popular CBD products, including vape oil.

Like most reputable brands, CBD Essence makes its products from organic, non-GMO, American-grown hemp and works with a third-party lab to test them for cannabinoid levels, pesticides, and other contaminants. 

CBD Essence is our top pick for a proper full-spectrum CBD vape oil. Third-party tests show that the company’s e-juice contains not only CBD but notable levels of minor cannabinoids, including CBC, CBG, and CBN. This means it’s a high-quality full-spectrum extract.

This vape oil comes in 30 ml bottles with two strengths: 14 mg/ml (420 mg total) and 28 mg/ml (840 mg total). It also contains VG, PG, and sunflower lecithin.

Savage CBD Vape Juice

Savage CBD Vape Oil

15% Off Coupon: HEALTH15

See Savage CBD Reviews

If you’re looking for unique and exciting CBD vape oil flavors, Savage CBD is our go-to pick.

  • Wide variety of unique flavors
  • Multiple potencies
  • High-quality American & European hemp
  • Comprehensive third-party testing
  • Lacks high potency option

Founded in 2015, Savage CBD is a California CBD company with a wide product selection. It sources CBD from organic hemp grown in the states of Wisconsin, Oregon, Colorado, and in some cases Europe. 

Savage CBD also provides detailed third-party lab test results of its products. 

This brand is a great pick for vaping products, especially when you’re in the market for a great-tasting vape e-liquid.

The company’s vape juice comes in nine delicious flavors that combine multiple ingredients for a unique taste: driven, Fiji melons, hustle, kiwi dragon berry, passion, serene, straw manners, tranquil, and vape shot. 

In comparison, most competitor brands offer flavors consisting of only one ingredient. 

This vape oil has a standard formula with pure CBD and flavoring dissolved in VG/PG. 

It comes in three CBD strengths ranging from low to medium: 8.3 mg/ml (250 mg total), 16.7 mg/ml (500 mg), and 33 mg/ml (1000 mg).

Koi CBD Vape Juice

Koi CBD Vape Oil

20% Off Coupon: HEALTHCANAL

See Koi CBD Reviews

When it comes to CBD vape oil, Koi CBD is one of the most reputable and popular options.

  • The brand is known for CBD vape oil
  • Multiple flavors and potencies
  • Comprehensive third-party testing
  • High-quality American hemp
  • Lacks high potency option

Established in 2015, Koi CBD is a brand offering a full range of CBD products. 

They’re derived from organic American hemp and undergo comprehensive third-party testing. The results of these tests are available on every product page. 

Over the past five years, Koi has developed a reputation as a great source of high-quality CBD vape oil.

Koi’s CBD vape juice is available in three low-to-medium CBD strengths: 8.3 mg, 16.7 mg, and 33.3 mg per ml, for a total of 250-1000 mg of pure CBD per 30 ml bottle. It’s formulated with a standard base of VG/PG and comes in seven delicious flavors.

If you’re looking for effective, straightforward CBD vape oil from a trustworthy company, Koi CBD is a great option.

Blue Moon Hemp

Blue Moon Hemp is one of the most established and trusted sources of CBD vape oil, having been in operation since 2015. 

  • Offering CBD vape juice since 2015
  • High-quality Colorado hemp
  • Comprehensive third-party testing
  • Multiple flavors
  • Only one potency
  • Lacks high-potency option

Founded in 2015, Blue Moon Hemp was one of the first American brands to bring high-quality CBD vape oil on the market. Today, it remains a popular option thanks to its experience and positive customer reviews.

Blue Moon Hemp’s products are made from organic hemp grown in Kentucky. They’re tested by a third-party lab to confirm that you’re getting exactly what you paid for.

The company’s CBD vape oil has a medium CBD strength of 33.3 mg per ml, with 1000 mg of pure CBD per 30 ml bottle. It’s formulated with VG/PG and comes in five different flavors.

JustCBD Vape Oils

JustCBD Vape Oils

15% Off Coupon: HEALTHCANAL

See JustCBD Reviews

One of the fastest ways to experience the benefits of CBD is through JustCBD vape.

  • Vegan-friendly options
  • Delicious flavors
  • Fast effectiveness
  • Some options include PG and flavorings

If you are into vaping, JustCBD offers you their JustCBD vape oils with different flavor options. Along with CBD, it contains vegetable glycerin. Each JustBD Vape oil bottle contains a 60ml of vape juice, and flavor options include pineapple express, strawberry cheesecake, blue dream, blue razz, mango ice, pina colada ice, OG, sour diesel, and cookies. Vape oils are also available in four different potencies – 100mg, 250mg, 500mg, and 1,000mg.

According to JustCBD, their Vape oils are only usable in vaporizers. Also, it does not intend to serve as a substitute for CBD oils or contain tobacco. However, it may have faster effects than other CBD products.

HempLucid CBD Vape Juice

HempLucid’s CBD vape liquid is one of the only USDA organic-certified CBD vape oils on the market. 

  • USDA Organic certification
  • Full-spectrum CBD formula
  • High-quality Colorado hemp
  • Comprehensive third-party testing
  • Four potency choices
  • Only one, natural flavor 

HempLucid is a leading, Utah-based CBD brand. It offers a complete range of third-party tested CBD products sourced from organic hemp plants grown in sunny Colorado. 

HempLucid is also one of the first American brands to obtain USDA organic certification for its hemp. 

If you’re looking for high-quality, USDA-certified CBD vape oil, you can’t go wrong with HempLucid. The company offers 30 ml e-liquids in one of four CBD potencies ranging from low to high:

  • 250 mg (8.3 mg/ml)
  • 500 mg (16.7 mg/ml)
  • 1000 mg (33 mg/ml)
  • 1500 mg (50 mg/ml)

Better yet, they’re formulated with full-spectrum hemp extract, so you’re getting many other beneficial compounds that add to the effects of CBD. This extract is dissolved in a mix of organic VG and sunflower lecithin.

Pure CBD Vapors

This is a potent hemp-infused CBD E-juice manufactured using CBD isolate. It’s ideal for folks seeking the benefits of vaping without the effects of THC.

  • No THC in the CBD product
  • Contains lots of flavonoids and terpenes
  • Different CBD E-juice flavors
  • Lab-tested for quality
  • Available in different strengths
  • Vaping can cause nausea
  • This can lead to diarrhea

Pure CBD E-juice or CBD vape juice is a quality product that contains CBD isolate. It comes in 30ml bottles and varies in terms of strength. The manufacturer offers a flavorful CBD E-juice that’s compatible with vaping systems.

Start by choosing the strength you want before placing an order for CBD vaping juice. The strengths range from 100mg to 1000 mg.

Vaping this CBD E-juice helps you relax while using it recreationally. This is also effective in terms of pain relief[2]. Pain is the number one reason people seek CBD isolate products.

This CBD E-juice is available in different flavors like Peach Kush, Strawberry Bliss, Wowi Maui, and Purple Haze. Apart from pain, the Pure CBD E-juice also puts you in a good mood and can help ease anxiety[3].

This CBD product is lab-tested by a third party to ascertain its quality. This aims to guarantee that the CBD E-juice is free of impurities, potency, and chemical compositions.

Avida CBD Vape Juice

Avida offers arguably the widest variety of flavors and strengths for CBD vape oil on the market.

  • Wide variety of flavors
  • Four different potencies
  • High-quality Colorado hemp
  • Vape-friendly bottle
  • Third-party tested
  • Lacks third-party contaminant tests

Avida is a relatively new CBD company that’s best known for its vape-focused products. 

Like most American brands, it sources organically grown hemp from Colorado and provides third-party lab test reports for its products. 

Avida’s e-liquid comes in vape-friendly 30 ml plastic bottles with a standard formula consisting of pure CBD combined with VG/PG and flavoring. 

It’s available in multiple varieties, including fourteen distinct flavors and four low-to-high CBD strengths:

  • 250 mg (8.3 mg/ml)
  • 500 mg (16.7 mg/ml)
  • 1000 mg (33 mg/ml)
  • 1500 mg (50 mg/ml)

That’s a lot of choices for people who prefer to customize their vaping experience and try different tastes.

How Does CBD Vape Oil Work?

When you vape CBD e-liquid, the CBD in the vapor is rapidly absorbed by your lungs and travels into the bloodstream. From there, it begins to interact with various parts of your body, like the endocannabinoid system[4]. That’s why you can feel its effects right away. 

CBD Oil Vape Effects

CBD vape oil can have the same effects and benefits as other forms of CBD.

The most commonly reported and sought-after effects of vaping CBD include relaxation, reduced anxiety and stress, pain relief, an improved mood, and an easier time falling asleep. 

However, what makes vaping CBD e-liquid unique is that the effects are felt almost instantly. This makes vaping CBD a great option when you need immediate relief.

Benefits Of CBD Vape Juice

The benefits of CBD vape juice are closely linked to the effects we discussed above. According to a growing volume of scientific research, CBD can have a positive effect on a long list of conditions and symptoms. The most notable of these include:

  • Epileptic seizures: Several high-quality clinical trials[5] found that CBD can relieve seizures, particularly in certain rare types of epilepsy.
  • Anxiety: Multiple human studies have reported that CBD can reduce anxiety in people with anxiety disorders[6].
  • Pain: CBD oil significantly reduced opioid painkiller usage in a study of chronic pain sufferers. Also, several reviews of numerous studies[7] found that cannabinoids as a whole may be effective at relieving various types of chronic pain.
  • Sleep issues: CBD improved sleep[8] during the first month in a study of people with anxiety and sleep issues and has been shown to help in other sleep disorders, such as REM sleep behavior disorder[9]
  • Depression: Animal studies suggest that CBD may have antidepressant effects[10]
  • Neuroprotection: CBD has shown positive effects[11] in animal and some human studies of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s. In one study, CBD improved the quality of life in Parkinson’s patients, whereas placebo treatment had no effect.
  • Skin health: Early evidence from test-tube studies suggests that CBD may help with common skin conditions such as acne[12]. Also, one early human study[13] of people with eczema and psoriasis reported an improvement of psoriasis and other beneficial effects. 

Despite these promising findings, there isn’t enough high-quality evidence substantiating CBD’s benefits and more research is needed. 

Is It Safe To Vape CBD?

There hasn’t been any research looking at the safety of vaping CBD specifically. However, judging from the recent evidence, it’s quite likely that vaping any sort of substance — whether it contains nicotine, CBD, or plain VG/PG — carries some health risks. 

For example, one study found that vape devices can produce acetaldehyde[14] and other toxic compounds, while another review concluded that vaping can increase the risk of cardiovascular issues[15]

Also, a comprehensive report[16] by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine found that vape devices can produce potentially toxic substances and have other potential dangers.

Moreover, while CBD is considered a generally safe substance, studies using high dosages have reported some possible side effects, such as tiredness and sedation.

How To Choose The Right CBD Vape Oil

We’ve put together a list of tips so you can find the best CBD vape oil for your needs. 

Look For Third-Party Testing

We always recommend buying CBD products from third-party tested brands.

This means that the company sent its products to an independent lab to confirm that they contain the correct amount of CBD. Additional tests can also be done to check for contaminants.

You should always look up the test results before purchasing CBD vape oil or any other CBD product. 

Consider The Formula

CBD comes in three main forms:

  • Isolate: 95+% pure cannabidiol 
  • Full-spectrum: a whole-plant extract containing all of the phytocannabinoids, terpenes, and other potentially beneficial hemp compounds
  • Broad-spectrum: same as full-spectrum but with all traces of THC removed. 

If you’re just looking for the easiest way to start vaping, CBD isolates vape oil is perfectly fine. 

However, if you want to get the most benefits out of vaping CBD, you’ll see better results from a formula that has added terpenes or contains full-spectrum or broad-spectrum extract.

According to research, whole-plant cannabis extracts tend to offer greater effects because of the so-called entourage effect.[17]

Consider The Strength

The strength of CBD vape oil refers to the concentration of CBD per ml of liquid. The higher concentration, the stronger the effects. Roughly speaking, there are three strengths of CBD vape juice: 

  • Low (1-15 mg/ml)
  • Medium (20-40 mg/ml)
  • High (40+ mg/ml)

Ideally, you want to match your CBD dosage preferences to the right strength. 

If you’re a CBD beginner, start with a low-medium strength product and see how it affects you. If it’s not strong enough, you can buy a higher-concentration vape juice the next time around.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is CBD?

Cannabidiol or CBD for short is one of the many naturally-occurring phytocannabinoids in cannabis. A non-intoxicating substance, CBD can produce beneficial effects by interacting with your endocannabinoid system and other parts of the body.

What is CBD vape oil?

CBD vape oil is a liquid that contains CBD dissolved in other ingredients, typically vegetable (VG) glycerin and propylene glycol (PG). More accurately known as CBD juice or e-liquid, it can be heated to produce a vapor, allowing you to inhale CBD directly into the lungs.

How does CBD vape oil differ from regular CBD oil?

Regular CBD oil is designed to be applied under the tongue and should never be vaporized. In contrast, CBD vape oil is formulated with vape-friendly ingredients.

Is it safe to vape CBD?

Although vaping as a whole is much safer than smoking, early research suggests that it carries some potential health risks.

Is CBD Vape Oil Legal?

CBD vape oil and other CBD products are perfectly legal in the United States as long as they’re derived from hemp. By definition, the hemp must contain 0.3% or less THC. The legal status of CBD differs drastically in other countries.

Will CBD Vape Oil Get Me High?

CBD vape oil cannot get you high because CBD is a non-intoxicating compound. 
However, there is one small exception. If you vape a full-spectrum CBD product, it can contain small amounts (less than 0.3%) of THC, the main compound responsible for the cannabis high. 
For most people, this isn’t enough to cause any issues but some susceptible individuals may experience mild intoxication.

How to Use CBD Vape Oil

To use CBD vape oil you need to pour it into the tank or cartridge of your vape device. Then, turn on your vape to vaporize the e-liquid and inhale the vapor. 

How to use CBD vape for beginners?

Vaping CBD for the first time is quite easy. All you need is your CBD vape oil and a vape device, like a pen, pod system, or mod. Charge the vaporizer and pour the vape oil into the tank or cartridge and you can start vaping. 
Alternatively, you can buy a disposable CBD vape pen or a starter kit if you want to get a feel for vaping CBD before spending money on a standalone device. 

+ 17 sources

Health Canal avoids using tertiary references. We have strict sourcing guidelines and rely on peer-reviewed studies, academic researches from medical associations and institutions. To ensure the accuracy of articles in Health Canal, you can read more about the editorial process here

  1. Cox-Georgian, D., Ramadoss, N., Dona, C. and Basu, C. (2019). Therapeutic and Medicinal Uses of Terpenes. Medicinal Plants, [online] pp.333–359. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-31269-5_15.
  2. Sexton, M., Cuttler, C., Finnell, J.S. and Mischley, L.K. (2016). A Cross-Sectional Survey of Medical Cannabis Users: Patterns of Use and Perceived Efficacy. Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, [online] 1(1), pp.131–138. doi:10.1089/can.2016.0007.
  3. Skelley, J.W., Deas, C.M., Curren, Z. and Ennis, J. (2020). Use of cannabidiol in anxiety and anxiety-related disorders. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association, [online] 60(1), pp.253–261. doi:10.1016/j.japh.2019.11.008.
  4. Lu, H.-C. and Mackie, K. (2016). An Introduction to the Endogenous Cannabinoid System. Biological Psychiatry, [online] 79(7), pp.516–525. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2015.07.028.
  5. Devinsky, O., Cross, J.H., Laux, L., Marsh, E., Miller, I., Nabbout, R., Scheffer, I.E., Thiele, E.A. and Wright, S. (2017). Trial of Cannabidiol for Drug-Resistant Seizures in the Dravet Syndrome. New England Journal of Medicine, [online] 376(21), pp.2011–2020. doi:10.1056/nejmoa1611618.
  6. Elms, L., Shannon, S., Hughes, S. and Lewis, N. (2019). Cannabidiol in the Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Case Series. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, [online] 25(4), pp.392–397. doi:10.1089/acm.2018.0437.
  7. Whiting, P.F., Wolff, R.F., Deshpande, S., Di Nisio, M., Duffy, S., Hernandez, A.V., Keurentjes, J.C., Lang, S., Misso, K., Ryder, S., Schmidlkofer, S., Westwood, M. and Kleijnen, J. (2015). Cannabinoids for Medical Use. JAMA, [online] 313(24), p.2456. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6358.
  8. Shannon, S. (2019). Cannabidiol in Anxiety and Sleep: A Large Case Series. The Permanente Journal, [online] 23. doi:10.7812/tpp/18-041.
  9. Chagas, M.H.N., Eckeli, A.L., Zuardi, A.W., Pena-Pereira, M.A., Sobreira-Neto, M.A., Sobreira, E.T., Camilo, M.R., Bergamaschi, M.M., Schenck, C.H., Hallak, J.E.C., Tumas, V. and Crippa, J.A.S. (2014). Cannabidiol can improve complex sleep-related behaviours associated with rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder in Parkinson’s disease patients: a case series. Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics, [online] 39(5), pp.564–566. doi:10.1111/jcpt.12179.
  10. Silote, G.P., Sartim, A., Sales, A., Eskelund, A., Guimarães, F.S., Wegener, G. and Joca, S. (2019). Emerging evidence for the antidepressant effect of cannabidiol and the underlying molecular mechanisms. Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy, [online] 98, pp.104–116. doi:10.1016/j.jchemneu.2019.04.006.
  11. Watt, G. and Karl, T. (2017). In vivo Evidence for Therapeutic Properties of Cannabidiol (CBD) for Alzheimer’s Disease. Frontiers in Pharmacology, [online] 8. doi:10.3389/fphar.2017.00020.
  12. Oláh, A., Tóth, B.I., Borbíró, I., Sugawara, K., Szöllõsi, A.G., Czifra, G., Pál, B., Ambrus, L., Kloepper, J., Camera, E., Ludovici, M., Picardo, M., Voets, T., Zouboulis, C.C., Paus, R. and Bíró, T. (2014). Cannabidiol exerts sebostatic and antiinflammatory effects on human sebocytes. Journal of Clinical Investigation, [online] 124(9), pp.3713–3724. doi:10.1172/jci64628.
  13. Palmieri (2019). A therapeutic effect of cbd-enriched ointment in inflammatory skin diseases and cutaneous scars. La Clinica terapeutica, [online] 170(2). doi:10.7417/CT.2019.2116.
  14. ACS Publications. (2017). Aldehyde Detection in Electronic Cigarette Aerosols. [online] Available at: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsomega.6b00489.
  15. Peruzzi, M., Biondi-Zoccai, G., Carnevale, R., Cavarretta, E., Frati, G. and Versaci, F. (2020). Vaping Cardiovascular Health Risks: an Updated Umbrella Review. Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports, [online] 8(3), pp.103–109. doi:10.1007/s40138-020-00219-0.
  16. PUBLIC HEALTH CONSEQUENCES OF E-CIGARETTES CONCLUSIONS BY LEVEL OF EVIDENCE CONCLUSIVE EVIDENCE. (2018). [online] Available at: https://nap.nationalacademies.org/resource/24952/012318ecigaretteConclusionsbyEvidence.pdf.
  17. Russo, E.B. (2019). The Case for the Entourage Effect and Conventional Breeding of Clinical Cannabis: No ‘Strain,’ No Gain. Frontiers in Plant Science, [online] 9. doi:10.3389/fpls.2018.01969.
Gleb Oleinik

Medically reviewed by:

Kimberly Langdon

Gleb Oleinik is a CBD journalist from Vancouver, Canada with a passion for educating people about the benefits of CBD. He’s read thousands of research studies about CBD and other supplements, helping him translate complex scientific ideas into plain language. When he’s not writing, Gleb likes to spend his time in the gym, out in nature, and working on his website projects.

Medically reviewed by:

Kimberly Langdon

Harvard Health Publishing

Database from Health Information and Medical Information

Harvard Medical School
Go to source

Trusted Source

Database From Cleveland Clinic Foundation

Go to source

Trusted Source

Database From U.S. Department of Health & Human Services

Governmental Authority
Go to source


Database from World Health Organization

Go to source

Neurology Journals

American Academy of Neurology Journals

American Academy of Neurology
Go to source


United Nations Global Compact
Go to source

Trusted Source

Database From National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services
Go to source

Trusted Source

Database from U.S. National Library of Medicine

U.S. Federal Government
Go to source

Trusted Source

Database From Department of Health and Human Services

Governmental Authority
Go to source

PubMed Central

Database From National Institute Of Health

U.S National Library of Medicine
Go to source

Help us rate this article

Thank you for your feedback

Keep in touch to see our improvement