As the new 5p charge is introduced for carrier bags in England, Professor Anthony Hilton claims that without understanding the need to have different bags for different uses, shoppers increase their chances of contamination from a range of bacteria.
The new charge has caused a surge in the number of ‘bags for life’ given out at supermarkets in the past few weeks. While admitting there are huge environmental benefits to this, Professor Hilton cautions that reusing plastic brings with it hazards which the public should be aware of to minimise any health risks.
Professor Hilton, Head of Biological and Biomedical Science at Aston University, said: “Reusing plastic bags is hugely beneficial to the environment but the public should be mindful of the ability of bacteria to contaminate and survive for long periods of time. Bacteria can easily transfer from different types of reusable bags to the hand and back again. What is more, using the same bag over and over for different purposes increases the risk of contaminating the bag with a whole host of bacteria.”
Professor Hilton and his research team undertook a study of a three different types of bag. They investigated the ability of bacteria to survive on a bag and also the ease of transfer of bacteria from the skin to the bag, and the bag to the skin. Laboratory experiments revealed that:
- 1 million cells of Staphylococcus aureus, the bacteria commonly found on the hands but which can cause illness, survived over 8 weeks and took 16 weeks to disappear completely
- 1 million E. coli cells, known to cause diarrhoeal infection, survived 48 hours before becoming undetectable – enough time to cause illness
- 23% of bacteria on plastic bags can be transferred in a single touch on to hands
Professor Hilton adds: “We are not saying people shouldn’t adopt reusable shopping bags. What is important is that the public understand the health risks, and think about which bags they are using for which produce. For example, carrying fresh meat wrapped in plastic can have huge contamination risks if you then use the same bag for carrying cheese or bread. Likewise, if you carry sports shoes one day and then shopping the next.
“Handles would normally be found to have bacteria that is found on the skin on them. Inside bags, however, there is typically a much more diverse range of bacteria, some which are associated with human disease. Clearly the picture of contamination of the bag is representative of what is carried in it.”
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Notes to editors:
Professor Anthony Hilton and his team carried out their research in 2014. They undertook three stages of research:
- A study into the survival rates of staphylococcus aureus and E coli bacteria on a single use plastic bag; jute reusable bag; and bag for life.
- Ease of transfer of bacteria from a plastic bag on to a sterile finger, and then from a finger to plastic bag.
- A questionnaire used with members of the public on the type and length of uses for their reusable bags.
Founded in 1895 and a University since 1966, Aston is a long established research-ledUniversity known for its world-class teaching quality and strong links to industry, government and commerce. Professor Dame Julia King became Vice-Chancellor of the University in 2006. Aston has been a leading university for graduate employment success for over 25 years and the University is currently ranked in the top 25 for student satisfaction in the National Student Survey.