02:31pm Friday 03 July 2020

Timing and costs of dialysis procedures need reconsideration

Starting Dialysis when Kidney Function is High Increases Risk of Premature Death

Recent guidelines that recommend that kidney disease patients start dialysis before their kidney function has significantly declined may potentially cause harm to patients. When William Clark, MD (Scientist at Lawson Health Research Institute and Professor at The University of Western Ontario, in London, Canada) and his colleagues studied 25,901 patients who started dialysis in Canada between 2001 and 2007, they found that patients have been initiating dialysis at increasingly higher levels of kidney function; however, patients who started dialysis early during their disease had an 18% increased risk of dying prematurely compared with patients who started dialysis late in their disease and this increased risk cannot be entirely explained by an imbalance in baseline characteristics. Death rates were significantly different at 6, 12, 30, and 36 months between the two groups. “This research indicates that a well intentioned rising trend of early initiation of hemodialysis in patients shows no benefit and possible harm,” said Dr. Clark. “Hopefully this information will curb the rising trend in early dialysis initiation and stimulate research to determine the optimal time for initiation of dialysis therapy.”

Study co-authors include Yingbo Na (Canadian Institute of Health Information); Steven Rosansky, MD, Kirby Jackson (University of South Carolina); Jessica Sontrop, PhD, Jennifer Macnab, PhD, Louise Moist, MD (The University of Western Ontario); Richard Glassock, MD (UCLA); and Paul Eggers, PhD (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases).

Disclosures: Dr. Glassock is a consultant for Aspreva, FibroGen, Genentech, Bristol-Myers-Squibb, BioMarin, Wyeth, Eli Lilly, Novartis, Gilead Sciences, QuestCor, UpToDate, and Lighthouse Learning; he holds ownership in La Jolla Pharm and Reata. All other authors reported no financial disclosures.

The study abstract, “Higher eGFR at Dialysis Initiation Is Associated with Increased Mortality,” [TH-FC044] will be presented as an oral presentation on Thursday, November 18, 2010 at 5:06 PM MT in Room 203 of the Colorado Convention Center in Denver, CO.

2. Home Dialysis Saves Money Over In-Center Dialysis and Provides Potential Benefits

Home-based hemodialysis provides several potential benefits for kidney disease patients over traditional in-facility-based dialysis. It allows an increased dose of dialysis in addition to smoother removal of fluids; patients also potentially benefit from doing treatments in their own homes and on their own schedules. Paul Komenda, MD (University of Manitoba and the Seven Oaks General Hospital, in Winnipeg Canada) and his colleagues developed an economic model to compare the costs for providing three types of dialysis in Australia, Canada, and the United States: conventional in-center (ICHD), conventional home (CHHD), and nocturnal (nighttime) home hemodialysis (NHHD). The analysis, which included a systematic review of published and observational data, found that ICHD costs are stable over time and driven by staffing, medications, and infrastructure costs. CHHD and NHHD costs in the first year are driven by costs for medication, patient training, machines, consumables, and home preparation. Subsequent year costs are driven by medications, consumables, and hospitalization costs. Costs for CHHD and NHHD were comparable to ICHD in the first year and less than ICHD in subsequent years.

Study co-authors include Manish Sood, MD (University of Manitoba and the Seven Oaks General Hospital); and Susan Garfield, Amy White Poret, and Meghan Gavaghan (Bridgehead International).

Disclosures: The research was funded via an unrestricted research grant from Baxter Healthcare Corp. The authors reported no other financial disclosures.

The study abstract, “A Costing Model for Use in Evaluating the Fiscal Impact of Home Versus In-Center Dialysis within Various Healthcare Systems,” [TH-FC124] will be presented as an oral presentation on November 18, 2010 at 5:42 PM MT in Korbel 4D of the Colorado Convention Center in Denver, CO.


ASN Renal Week 2010, the largest nephrology meeting of its kind, will provide a forum for 13,000 professionals to discuss the latest findings in renal research and engage in educational sessions related to advances in the care of patients with kidney and related disorders. Renal Week 2010 will take place November 16 – November 21 at the Colorado Convention Center in Denver, CO.

The content of this article does not reflect the views or opinions of The American Society of Nephrology (ASN). Responsibility for the information and views expressed therein lies entirely with the author(s). ASN does not offer medical advice. All content in ASN publications is for informational purposes only, and is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions, or adverse effects. This content should not be used during a medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Please consult your doctor or other qualified health care provider if you have any questions about a medical condition, or before taking any drug, changing your diet or commencing or discontinuing any course of treatment. Do not ignore or delay obtaining professional medical advice because of information accessed through ASN. Call 911 or your doctor for all medical emergencies.

Founded in 1966, the American Society of Nephrology (ASN) is the world’s largest professional society devoted to the study of kidney disease. Comprised of 11,000 physicians and scientists, ASN continues to promote expert patient care, to advance medical research, and to educate the renal community. ASN also informs policymakers about issues of importance to kidney doctors and their patients. ASN funds research, and through its world-renowned meetings and first-class publications, disseminates information and educational tools that empower physicians.

Contact: Shari Leventhal
[email protected]
American Society of Nephrology

Share on:

MORE FROM Kidneys and Urinary System

Health news