How To Force A Kidney Stone To Pass – 2021 Treatment

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Medically reviewed by Kimberly Langdon, MD

how to force a kidney stone to pass

The treatment of kidney stones at home is very common nowadays. People usually go with non-surgical methods. Many people have no idea that they have a kidney stone until symptoms develop.

If you are looking to learn more about kidneys without visiting doctors, the most reliable way to check your kidney function and performance is a home test for kidney[1] function. Kidney stones typically leave the body without the intervention of a doctor, but it can be a slow and painful process.

According to research described in 2014 reviews[2], 48% of stones formed in the ureters that allow passage of urine from the kidney to the bladder pass without intervention. This number rose to 79% for stones that form closer to the bladder

Kidney stones[3] may cause mild or severe symptoms, and if they are not treated, they could lead to some serious problems. Small stones often travel without any problems or symptoms. Larger stones may lodge in the ureter, causing pain. Without removal, large stones can cause complications such as infection and kidney function damage.

There are several factors that can affect how quickly a kidney stone will pass. This article will provide further information about the ways on how to force a kidney stone to pass, accelerate the process, and other remedies as well.

What is Kidney Stone?

Kidney stones[4] (renal calculus) are very common and are the result of calcium deposits from the diet that can obstruct the urinary tract. When the stones become too big, they cause severe pain on their back and side. Kidney stone treatment[5] is available that can break up the stone into smaller and more passable pieces. Not all kidney stones need treatment. If it is a small stone, you might be able to get rid of it by passing it when you urinate. Kidney stone interventions depend on where and how big you’re stone and what symptoms you have.

Kidney stone treatments

Small stones with minimal symptoms

Most of the small kidney stones will not require invasive treatment. It is possible that a small stone will pass spontaneously simply by:

Drinking water. Between eight and ten 8 ounces glasses of water[6] will prevent kidney stones and may help minerals from accumulating in their urine. Aim to produce copious, clear urine to facilitate the flow, which allows them to pass more easily

Painkiller. Passing kidney calculus can cause some discomfort. To relieve mild pain, your doctor can recommend painkillers such as ibuprofen or Naproxen Sodium to ease discomfort.

Getting a prescription. The doctor can give you a medicine known as alpha-blockers[7]. Alpha-blockers help to relax the muscles of your ureter, the tube that carries the urine from the kidneys to your bladder, so you can pass the stone more quickly and with less pain.

how to force a kidney stone to pass
Drink more water can prevent kidney stone

Large stones and those that cause symptoms

Stones that are too large to pass themselves or cause bleeding, kidney damage or ongoing urinary tract infections may require further treatment. In this case, the doctor can break the stone in several ways, so your body can finally get rid of it. These include:

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL): 

This kidney stone treatment[8] lasts approximately one hour. The procedure aims high-energy sound waves to break stones into small pieces. Shock waves come from outside the body, which is why the procedure is called Extracorporeal SWL. Your doctor will talk about your options for anesthesia, so you can be comfortable under sedation or light anesthesia.

Ureteroscopy (Using a scope to remove stones)

This procedure[8] deals with stones that are in the kidneys or ureters. The doctor uses a thin and flexible scope passed from the bladder into the ureter to find and eliminate stones. As soon as the stone is located, special tools can crush stone or break it into pieces that will pass in your urine. They will use a small basket to eliminate small stones. For the larger stones, the surgeon passes a scope and uses lasers to break them.

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy or percutaneous nephrolithotripsy: 

These similar surgical procedures[9]  are options if your stone is large or if other procedures are not successful. Your doctor uses a thin tube inserted through your skin and tissue to reach the kidney and the stone to eliminate them(nephrolithotomy) or break them up (nephrolithotripsy).

Parathyroidectomy (Parathyroid gland surgery)

Your parathyroid gland[10] can make too many hormones that cause a renal calculus. By removing the gland, it can stop the process.

How To Get Rid Of Kidney Stones?

Preventing kidney stones[11] from forming is extremely crucial, especially if you had this problem in the past. Most of the time, the people who have had a history of kidney stones, are very susceptible to their recurrence. Therefore, making small adjustments to your current diet and your nutrition plan[11] can go a long way towards the prevention of kidney stones. You can also add a substitutes for a better diet for weight loss.

The most effective kidney stone treatment is to drink an appropriate amount of water[12]. Drinking a large amount of water daily will help pass small stones more easily and help prevent the formation of others. Increased water consumption must be supervised by a doctor because complications can occur, especially if you have other diseases.

How to pass Kidney Stones at home?

A natural remedy to pass a kidney stone can be done with natural ingredients that are available right at home. These are cheaper, effective, and better alternatives than expensive medical procedures.

A home remedy on how to force kidney stones to pass can include the following:

  • High fiber food[15]. Fiber helps eliminate calcium and your urinary oxalates that can reduce the risk of a stone.
  • Carrot. Carrots contain vitamin A which is important to us and for healthy kidneys. Carrots can give you twice your daily requirements for this nutrient.
  • Lemonade. Lemonade made with real lemon can increase the level of citrate in your urine which helps prevent stone formation.
  • Water. Best natural remedy to get rid of kidney stones is to drink lots of water. You have to drink about one gallon of water per day if you are at risk of being hit by stones.
  • Vitamin B6[16]. Medications like vitamin B6 help keep the body from forming oxalate. Too much oxalate in the body is the main contributor to stone formation.

The fastest way for passing kidney stones quickly is to drink plenty of water. Excess liquid encourages urination, which helps to move the stone.

A person can also take steps to prevent new stones from forming and letting existing ones become increasingly larger. These steps include:

  • Eat more citrus fruits (oranges)
  • Reduce calcium intake
  • Limit protein intake.
  • Consume less salt

Citrus fruits contain chemical citrate[13], which helps prevent the formation of kidney stones.

In addition, dietitians or doctors can give medical advice and suggest diet plans to help manage renal stones.

How to get rid of kidney stones while pregnant?

The majority of pregnant women with a renal calculus respond well to conservative therapy by increasing water intake, avoiding too much calcium intake (not more than 1000-1200 mg/day)[14] the right pain management, and antibiotics if there is an infection, Acetaminophen (Tylenol) provides temporary pain relief, while other pain medications need to be prescribed by your doctor. If this doesn’t work, then other procedures may be needed. Increasing pain, the existence of an infection, or childbirth necessitates more aggressive and possibly surgical intervention.

New Treatment make The Passage Of Kidney Stones easier

Muscle relaxants delivered to the ureter can reduce contractions that cause pain when passing a stone kidney.

A new treatment conducted by Massachusetts General Hospital could accelerate the passage of kidney stones and make it less painful. They combined two drugs in a catheter-like tube from kidney to the bladder that can deliver directly to ease the urete wall

This approach also help doctors put in a ureteral stent to ease the ureter. Doctors also can locate any other imedical instruments like an endoscope in the ureter.

The test used several combinations of drugs on pigs and the result showed that they could significantly decrease the length and frequency of ureteral contractions. Moreover, the cure for kidney stones nearly eliminated contractions of ureter.

For these experiments, the drugs were delivered with cystoscope, which resembled the catheter but it has a small fiber optic channel which connect to a camera. The images showed that animal’s bloodstream didn’t show any change after receiving drugs. Researchers assumed that the drugs remained in the ureteral lining and did not flow anywhere else in the body, which reduced the risk of the side effects.

This study poses a hopeful treatment on ways to pass the kidney stones faster and less painful.

Conclusion

Although it may be uncomfortable, it is possible to pass a kidney on your own. You can take over-the-counter analgesics to decrease any pain you may be experiencing. These include ibuprofen (Advil), naproxen (Aleve), or acetaminophen (Tylenol)

Once a kidney stone passes, you may want to save it to take it to your doctor to perform tests. To save the kidney stone, you need to strain the urine to catch the stone. Your doctor can determine what kind of stone it is and help develop a specific prevention plan. Moreover, you can add home remedies to your usual regimen after the stones pass. This can help prevent more stones from being formed. And last but not least, make sure to talk with your doctor before taking any medications or herbs.


+ 16 sources

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  1. National Kidney Foundation. (2019). New Home Test for Kidney Damage Shows Promising Results. Available from: https://www.kidney.org/news/new-home-test-kidney-damage-shows-promising-results.
  2. Wood, K., Gorbachinsky, I. and Gutierrez, J. (2014). Medical expulsive therapy. Indian Journal of Urology, 30(1), p.60. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3897056/.
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  4. Evan, A.P., Worcester, E.M., Coe, F.L., Williams, J. and Lingeman, J.E. (2014). Mechanisms of human kidney stone formation. Urolithiasis, 43(S1), pp.19–32. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4285570/.
  5. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (2020). Treatment for Kidney Stones | NIDDK. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Available from: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/kidney-stones/treatment.
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  8. Ufl.edu. (2020). Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) »  Department of Urology » College of Medicine » University of Florida. Available from: https://urology.ufl.edu/patient-care/stone-disease/procedures/extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-eswl/.
  9. Medlineplus.gov. (2016). Percutaneous kidney procedures: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available from: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007375.htm.
  10. Medlineplus.gov. (2020). Parathyroid Disorders. Available from: https://medlineplus.gov/parathyroiddisorders.html.
  11. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (2020). Eating, Diet, & Nutrition for Kidney Stones | NIDDK. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Available from: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/kidney-stones/eating-diet-nutrition.
  12. Uky.edu. (2017). Keep kidney stones away by drinking plenty of water | UK HealthCare. Available from: https://ukhealthcare.uky.edu/wellness-community/blog-health-information/keep-kidney-stones-away-drinking-plenty-water.
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