Little is known about what factors influence families to share in regular physical activity and if and how families are physically active together. A new study that examines how physical activity fits into family life has found families rarely take part in physical activity as a family because of the demands of work, school and the different interests of family members.
The paper, Physically active families – de-bunking the myth? A qualitative study of family participation in physical activity, by Professor Janice Thompson and colleagues in the Department of Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences at the University of Bristol is published in Child: care, health and development. The study has been funded by a grant from the British Heart Foundation.
The health benefits of regular physical activity for adults and children are well known. In addition to reducing the risks for chronic diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes and heart disease, taking part in regular physical activity can also help with mental health and well being.
Janice Thompson, Professor of Public Health Nutrition, said: “Despite the many benefits of regular physical activity, the majority of children and adults living in westernised countries such as the UK and the USA do not meet current recommendations for physical activity.”
Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 30 parents (26 female, four male) of 10- to 11-year-old schoolchildren who attended low, middle or high socio-economic schools in Bristol.
The majority of parents rated family engagement in physical activity as important, and identified benefits such as increased parent-child communication, spending time together, enjoyment, enhanced mental health, weight control and physical fitness. Despite these benefits most parents reported their families did little or no physical activity together as a family unit during the week, and any activities performed together were usually sedentary in nature.
They reported increased family physical activity on the weekends but rarely including the full family unit all together. Parents in two-parent households commonly paired off with one or more children because of complexities of schedules. Commonly reported barriers were busy lifestyles, diverse ages and interests of children and adults, bad weather, and lack of access to facilities, transportation and money to support activities.
Dr Russ Jago, Senior Lecturer in the Department of Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, said: “Family-based interventions might be more effective if they are designed to accommodate the complex demands and needs of two-parent and single-parent families and provide affordable, diverse activities appealing to a wide range of interests.”
Please contact Joanne Fryer for further information.
Paper: Physically active families – de-bunking the myth? A qualitative study of family participation in physical activity, J L Thompson,* R Jago,* R Brockman,* K Cartwright,† A S Page* and K R Fox*, *Department of Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, and †Developmental Brain Behaviour Laboratory, School of Psychology, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK, Child: Care, Health and Development, Volume 36, Issue 2, Pages 265-274 (March 2010).
The project was funded by a grant from the British Heart Foundation of £145,451.
The Department of Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences at the University of Bristol conducts research that focuses on physical activity, nutrition and their associations with health across the life span. The primary areas of focus include biomedical, psychosocial and socio-environmental aspects of physical activity and nutrition. Their research is focused on the two following themes:
* Determinants of physical activity and nutrition
* Strategies for disease prevention and management
The Department of Exercise, Nutrition & Health Sciences continues to influence activity, nutrition and public health policy and have provided numerous scientific reviews for leading policy-making bodies including a Chief Medical Officer’s report on Physical activity and health outcomes.
The British Heart Foundation (BHF) is the nation’s heart charity, dedicated to saving lives through pioneering research, patient care, campaigning for change and by providing vital information. But we urgently need help. We rely on donations of time and money to continue our life-saving work. Because together we can beat heart disease.