A new study shows that the children and teens in the juvenile justice system are more likely to be hospitalized for mental health problems than those not incarcerated.
Juvenile inmates are much more likely to be hospitalized for mental health problems than children and teenagers who are not incarcerated, according to a new study from the Stanford University School of Medicine.
In addition, the hospital stays of these inmates are longer, suggesting that their underlying mental health problems are worse.
The new study, published online July 21 in the Journal of Adolescent Health, examined almost 2 million hospitalizations of California boys and girls over a 15-year period. Mental health diagnoses were responsible for 63 percent of hospital stays by young people in the juvenile justice system, compared to 19 percent for those not in the system.
Although mental health problems have been previously documented in juvenile inmates, the study’s large size and assessment of hospital stays gives new insight into the widespread nature and severity of their mental health diagnoses.
“We know young people in the juvenile justice system have a disproportionate burden of mental illness, but I was really surprised by the magnitude of the problem, because hospitalizations typically occur for very severe illness,” said the study’s lead author, Arash Anoshiravani, MD, clinical assistant professor of adolescent medicine. Mental-health hospital stays were even more common in detained girls than boys, he noted. “If you just looked at girls, 74 percent of their hospitalizations were for mental illnesses,” he said. “That’s pretty sobering.”
Anoshiravani is also an adolescent medicine specialist at Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital Stanford and medical director of the Santa Clara County Juvenile Custody Institutions.
The study examined all California hospital discharges between 1997 and 2011 for 11- to 18-year-old kids. Data on non-California residents were excluded, leaving 1.9 million hospitalizations. Of these, 11,367 were for patients who had come from or were being discharged to a juvenile detention facility.
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