04:05am Monday 20 November 2017

Nursing researchers urge primary healthcare providers to screen for depression and suicide risk in teens

Sharolyn K. Dihigo, a pediatric nurse practitioner and clinical associate professor in the UTA College of Nursing and Health Innovation, and Barbara Gray, an associate professor of nursing at TWU, recently examined available research to determine what screening tools nurse practitioners and others in primary care settings should access during well visits with teenage patients.

The paper appears in the September issue of The Nurse Practitioner journal as part of a continuing education series, and it comes as the nation observes Suicide Prevention Awareness month.

The World Health Organization announced the number one reason for illness and disability among teens and preteens is depression, and suicide is ranked as number three, Dihigo said.

“Our article could not have come at a better time.  We are trying to get the word out and educate other healthcare providers to recognize the signs of depression and intervene to prevent these suicides.”

It’s estimated that 80 percent of all 13 to 18 year olds are seen in a primary care setting each year, however, often-busy healthcare providers fail to correctly identify those teenagers with a mental health condition. That’s because symptoms of depression in teens, such as moodiness, increased sadness or changes in appetite or school attendance, can be easily overlooked as a normal part of puberty.

Gray said completion of psychosocial assessment and mental health screening of adolescents during routine health care visits “is an important component in the detection of risk factors that contribute to suicidal thoughts and behaviors.”

To complete their piece, Dihigo and Gray reviewed numerous articles, fact sheets, national recommendation statements and 23 studies done by other researchers. 

The team concluded that advanced planning and preparation can lead to a systematic, effective way to manage patients at risk for suicide, whether it is immediate referral for hospitalization or referral to a therapist and initiation of a safety plan. Suicide risk screening tools are available and can be administered in a time-efficient manner.

Most tools are free of charge and require little training to administer. Some tools screen for several disorders, while others focus on specific screening questions for one type of mental illness. For example, the Patient Health Questionnaire for Adolescents (PHQ-A) assesses for potential problems, such as anxiety, substance abuse, mood or eating disorders. The Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC), or Pediatric Symptom Checklist – Youth Report (Y-PSQ), screens broadly for emotional and behavioral psychosocial concerns.

Read Dihigo and Gray’s paper, “Suicide Risk Assessment in High-Risk Adolescents,” at http://journals.lww.com/tnpj/Fulltext/2015/09000/Suicide_risk_assessment_in_high_risk_adolescents.6.aspx.

About the College of Nursing and Health Innovation

The UT Arlington College of Nursing and Health Innovation is a leader in the development of scientific evidence and educational models that equip nurses and other health care professionals to effectively and quickly integrate into the healthcare scientific and practice workforce.  Our academic programs prepare individuals for clinical practice, teaching, research, leadership, administration, and health care policy. Visit www.uta.edu/nursing/ to learn more.

About The University of Texas at Arlington

The University of Texas at Arlington is a comprehensive research institution of more than 51,000 students in campus-based and online degree programs and is the second-largest institution in The University of Texas System. The Chronicle of Higher Education ranked UT Arlington as one of the 20 fastest-growing public research universities in the nation in 2014. U.S. News & World Report ranks UT Arlington fifth in the nation for undergraduate diversity. The University is a Hispanic-Serving Institution and is ranked as a “Best for Vets” college by Military Times magazine. Visit www.uta.edu to learn more, and find UT Arlington rankings and recognition at http://www.uta.edu/uta/about/rankings.php.

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The University of Texas at Arlington is an Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action employer.

Media Contact: Bridget Lewis, Office:817-272-3317, Cell:214-577-9094, blewis@uta.edu

 

 

Media Contact: Bridget Lewis, Office:817-272-3317, Cell:214-577-9094, blewis@uta.edu


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