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Is Pizza Dough Vegan? Find The Answer With Nutrition Experts In 2024

Donald Romeo

Updated on - Written by
Medically reviewed by Sevginur Akdas, RD

is pizza dough vegan
Freshly baked vegan pizza with toppings, ready to be enjoyed. Photo: Ba Le Ho

In the mood for pizza but following a vegan diet? Many pizza enthusiasts are embracing vegan alternatives. A pizza restaurant or brand might offer vegan cheese, but is pizza dough vegan? 

The great news is that traditional pizza dough often aligns with vegan values. Made from ingredients like flour, water, salt, and yeast, pizza crusts tend to be a suitable addition to a vegan diet. But what about those hidden or additional ingredients that might not be suitable for vegans? 

This guide is here to help you navigate the realm of vegan pizza dough. From knowing the ingredients to exploring the best vegan pizza toppings, we’ve got you covered. So grab a slice of curiosity and join us on this journey to experience pizza the vegan way.

Is Pizza Dough Vegan-Friendly?

No, not all pizza dough is vegan-friendly. Traditional pizza dough recipes may include ingredients like dairy or egg, which are not considered vegan. However, many pizza dough recipes can be made vegan by substituting or omitting non-vegan ingredients. It’s essential to check the ingredient list or ask when eating at a restaurant to ensure that the pizza dough aligns with your vegan dietary preferences.

Can Vegans Eat Pizza Dough?

Can vegans eat pizza crust? Usually, yes. Whether it’s a thin crust or a thick-crust pizza, traditional pizza dough is made from simple vegan ingredients — flour, water, salt, and yeast — and is typically vegan-friendly. 

However, some commercial products like shop-bought pizza doughs might include dairy or other non-vegan ingredients. For example, yogurt acid whey[1] might be added to add nutrients and improve the shelf-life of readymade pizza doughs. 

So, yes, most pizza dough is vegan — whether you’re enjoying a traditional recipe for homemade dough or eating at a pizzeria serving original hand-tossed dough pizza. Still, it’s best to be mindful of potential non-vegan ingredients.

Pizza dough can be a joyful part of a vegan diet. Just remember to read labels, ask questions, or even make your own homemade pizza dough to ensure it aligns with your values. 

Pizza Dough Ingredients

Imagine you’re in a bustling Italian pizzeria, the aroma of freshly baked pizza filling the air. You watch the pizzaiolo expertly stretch the dough and create hand-tossed crusts, and you can’t help but wonder: What’s in that magical mixture that turns into a perfect vegan crust?

Pizza dough is made with four or five ingredients:

  • Flour: Pizza dough is usually made with gluten-rich wheat flour such as strong bread flour. You can get creative and use whole wheat flour, spelt flour, or even gluten-free flour. More flour will be used to roll out the crust.
  • Yeast: Although it’s technically alive, yeast is vegan. It’s crucial to help the dough rise. Fresh yeast or active dry yeast might be used.
  • Water decreases viscosity and improves deformability.
  • Salt: More than just for flavor, adding salt enhances the dough’s strength, helping create the perfect pizza dough. 
  • Sugar: Although not traditional, sugar or honey might be added to the yeast mixture to help activate the yeast. You can use healthier, vegan alternatives such as coconut sugar or maple syrup.

The proportions and interactions between these ingredients define the dough’s characteristics.[2]

Other Pizza Ingredients

The world of pizza dough isn’t confined to tradition. Shop-bought pizza crusts might contain xanthan gum,[3] which improves bread height and specific volume in the frozen and thawed dough. 

Scientists are also exploring the effects of glucose oxidase[4] on wheat-maize pizza dough, and brewers’ spent grains[5] have been used to enrich dough with extra fiber and protein. Others have experimented with jujube powder,[5] a fruit rich in antioxidants, to create a functional and tasty pizza base.

Non-Vegan Ingredients In Pizza Dough To Avoid

Imagine you’re hosting a vegan pizza night, and the hand-tossed dough is the star of the show. You’ve got the vegan cheese, vegan pepperoni, and olive oil ready, but what are some non-vegan ingredients that might be hiding in that dough ball?

Some ready-made pizza dough or crust might contain dairy, egg, or other non-vegan ingredients. This is uncommon, but it’s still best to always check the labels.

The best way to have a guaranteed vegan pizza is to go for a traditional pizza dough recipe: just water, flour, yeast, and salt. 

Vegan Toppings For Your Pizza

Crafting a vegan pizza is like painting a culinary masterpiece, and the vegan pizza toppings are your vibrant palette of colors. Let’s embark on a delightful journey to create a pizza that’s not only vegan but also a feast for the eyes and the palate.

Some vegan pizza toppings to try include:

  • Vegan pepperoni.
  • Vegan parmesan.
  • Vegan pesto.
  • Melted vegan garlic butter.
  • Vegetables.
  • Tofu scramble.
  • Olive oil.
  • Chilli oil.

Making An Easy Vegan Pizza Crust

  • Begin with your homemade vegan pizza dough recipe. Mix the ingredients of flour, warm water, active dry yeast, and salt together in a mixing bowl. If you’re catering to gluten-free preferences, there are excellent gluten-free flour options available.
  • Kneed it with a dough hook in a stand mixer, or by hand, to create an elastic dough. Cover with plastic wrap or store in an airtight container and let the dough rest.
  • Whether you’re a fan of a thin crust or love a thick pizza, roll out the vegan dough on a silicone baking mat or parchment paper to your preferred thickness with a rolling pin. For a deep-pan pizza, use a pizza pan.

Assembling Your Vegan Pizza

Now it’s time to put it all together. 

To your rolled dough, you can add a variety of sauce options, from classic to experimental:

  • Traditional tomato sauce with Italian seasoning.
  • Pesto pizza sauce made with vegan parmesan and olive oil.
  • A creamy garlic sauce with garlic powder and melted vegan butter can add a unique twist.

Next, add your favorite toppings and vegan cheese. Vegan cheeses have come a long way in the last few years, and now you can find varieties that melt just like dairy cheese. Sprinkle generously!

For a vegan pizza, you can layer on the veggies. Red onion, bell peppers, mushrooms – the more, the merrier. You can also consider using zucchini or eggplant, which are very famous ingredients for veggie pizzas. These all add color, texture, and — of course — nutritional value. The more veggies there are on your pizza, the greater the nutrition serving per slice!

Feeling fancy? Figs, arugula, or a drizzle of truffle oil can elevate your pizza to gourmet status.

Baking Your Vegan Pizza

Pre-bake the crust if you like it crispy. A pizza stone can give you that perfect golden brown crust, but a regular baking sheet works well too.

Once baked to perfection, sprinkle some fresh herbs or vegan parmesan for that final touch.

Creating a vegan pizza is not just about substituting non-vegan ingredients; it’s an opportunity to explore and enjoy a rich variety of flavors and textures. Whether it’s a casual family dinner or a festive party with vegan pizza rolls, the possibilities are endless.

Conclusion

Creating your vegan pizza dough masterpiece doesn’t just end with a satisfying crunch of the crust or the delightful dance of flavors on your palate. It’s a culinary journey that aligns with a broader vegan lifestyle choice, embracing health, compassion, and sustainability.

Whether you’re rolling out your vegan pizza dough or sprinkling vegan cheese on your homemade pizza, every ingredient you choose should resonate with the principles of a vegan diet. That’s why ensuring your pizza dough is vegan is critical.

From the olive oil that adds a golden-brown touch to your thin crust, to the vegan parmesan that melts so enticingly, each element is a testament to the variety and richness of vegan food.

If you’re on the go and need a quick vegan meal, some services offer a vegan meal delivery pizza, or you can grab vegan meal replacement bars. Remember to include plenty of fruits and veggies in your vegan diet. Consult your doctor or a registered dietitian-nutritionist for any vitamins and minerals or even green powders you might require to ensure you’re covering your body’s needs in a healthy way. 

Your vegan pizza dough, with its dough soft and elastic, its vegan toppings vibrant and fresh, and its crust pizza perfect, is more than a meal. Enjoy your culinary adventure and happy baking!

Frequently Asked Questions

Is pizza dough naturally vegan?

Most traditional pizza dough is naturally vegan, containing just flour, water, yeast, and salt.

Is there dairy in pizza dough?

Generally, no. But some recipes might include dairy-based ingredients like butter or milk.

Does pizza dough have animal products?

Typically, no. Standard pizza dough usually doesn’t contain animal products.


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  1. Julie Camacho Flinois, Dando, R. and Qiu, S. (2019). Yogurt Acid Whey Utilization for Production of Baked Goods: Pancakes and Pizza Crust. Foods, [online] 8(12), pp.615–615. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/foods8120615.
  2. Fabio Fanari, Carboni, G., Grosso, M. and Desogus, F. (2020). Thermal Properties of Semolina Doughs with Different Relative Amount of Ingredients. Sustainability, [online] 12(6), pp.2235–2235. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062235.
  3. Morimoto, N., Aya Tabara and Masaharu Seguchi (2015). Effect of Xanthan Gum on Improvement of Bread Height and Specific Volume upon Baking with Frozen and Thawed Dough. Food Science and Technology Research, [online] 21(3), pp.309–316. doi:https://doi.org/10.3136/fstr.21.309.
  4. Jean Didier Kouassi-Koffi, Sturza, A., Păucean, A., Man, S., Vlad Mureșan, Petrut, G., Muresan, V. and Sevastita Muste (2019). Effect of glucose oxidase addition on the textural characteristics of wheat-maize dough and bread. Food Science and Technology, [online] 39(1), pp.127–133. doi:https://doi.org/10.1590/fst.27117.
  5. Falciano, A., Sorrentino, A., Masi, P. and Prospero Di Pierro (2022). Development of Functional Pizza Base Enriched with Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba) Powder. Foods, [online] 11(10), pp.1458–1458. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11101458.
Donald Romeo

Medically reviewed by:

Sevginur Akdas

Donald Romeo is a highly skilled health and wellness writer and a dedicated nutritional researcher. His expertise unravels the intricate connections between nutrition, holistic health, and well-being. With an astute understanding of nutritional science and a talent for translating complex concepts into accessible content, Donald brings valuable insights to his readers. He is committed to empowering individuals by providing practical and evidence-based advice to support their wellness journey. Through his engaging articles, Donald inspires readers to make informed choices, adopt healthier habits, and embrace a holistic approach to their overall vitality.

Medically reviewed by:

Sevginur Akdas

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