Fact checkedFact Checked

This article is reviewed by a team of registered dietitians and medical doctors with extensive, practical clinical and public health experience.

Gundry MD Reviews – 2023 Dr Steven Gundry Products

Mitchelle Morgan

Updated on - Written by
Medically reviewed by Kathy Shattler, MS, RDN

All articles are produced independently. When you click our links for purchasing products, we earn an affiliate commission. Learn more about how we earn revenue by reading our advertise disclaimer.

Gundry MD








  • Created by a doctor
  • Various skin care products and supplements
  • Contains natural ingredients
  • Great customer reviews

Brand Information

  • Founded in 2/13/2014
  • Limited Liability Company (LLC)
  • Located at 9465 Wilshire Blvd #300, Beverly Hills, CA 90212-2624

Medical Benefits

  • Boosts Energy
  • Improve digestions
  • Helps with weight loss

As a Gundry MD Ambassador, I am pleased to offer you a discount through my Gundry MD Ambassador link below

Get The Deal

Exclusively Discount All Products With Our Above Ambassador Link

See Gundry MD Discounts

About Gundry MD Products

Gundry MD is a company founded by Dr. Steven Gundry, a former heart surgeon, and writer of “The Plant Paradox”, a book that promotes better health amongst its readers as well as being an amalgamation of Dr. Gundry’s years of medical experience as a heart surgeon and cardiologist.

Aside from this, the products of Gundry MD have been concocted by medical professionals as well as by Dr. Steven Gundry Himself. All of their supplements are designed to provide numerous health benefits to people like giving them more energy, improving arterial blood flow for the heart, aiding digestion, and many more!

Top Gundry MD Supplements & Skincare Products (June. 2023)

Quick Look Into Gundry MD Products 

Weight Loss  

  • TriTrim — Suppress sugars, block fat, reduces unhealthy cravings
  • Gundry MD MCT Wellness — Boosts metabolism, helps burn fats, gives more energy


  • Energy Renew — Promotes all-day wakefulness, defends you from free radicals
  • Total Restore  — Promotes good digestion, reduces fatigue, boosts energy
  • Proplant Complete Shake – Strengthens the body, helps lose weight, helps provide more energy 

Digestive Support 

  • Lectin Shield — Shields you from Lectins, promotes regular bathroom visits
  • Prebiothrive — Reliable prebiotics, balance Gut Flora
  • Olive Oil —  Good for the heart, Promotes good digestion, rich-polyphenol
  • Metabolic Advanced — Improve digestion, promote weight loss

Overall Health Support

  • Bio Complete 3 — Tons of healthy benefits, boost energy, helps burn fats
  • Vital Reds — Concentrated polyphenol blend, quick-dissolve, helps skin glow
  • Primal Plants — Supports heart health, boosts skin health, promotes overall health
  • Active Advantage — Promote healthy energy levels, reduce fatigue, and improve metabolism

Best Seller Gundry MD Products of 2023

Gundry MD Bio Complete 3

Gundry MD Bio Complete 3

Get The Deal

33% Off Exclusively With Our Exclusive Link

See Gundry MD Bio Complete 3 Reviews

Gundry MD Bio Complete 3 contains 1000 mg of CoreBiomeTM, 200 mg of SunFiber®, and 16 mg of ProDura® Bacillus coagulans in each serving. These substances can help maintain a healthy gut lining.

  • Helps with weight loss since it accelerates fat burning.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome patients may benefit from this.
  • Improve gut health and leaky gut syndrome.
  • Money-back guarantee for 90 days.
  • Only one bacterial strain is present.
  • No third-party seal of approval for this product.
  • Lacks transparency when it comes to the number of microorganisms present.

SunFiber® (guar fiber) is a prebiotic fiber that has been extensively examined and has been shown to enhance the number of good bacteria in the intestinal flora.

In several medical studies, guar fiber has been reported to help[1] with regular bowel motions. So you can relieve symptoms linked with most gastrointestinal problems, these same studies recommend taking 5 to 10 grams (g) of guar fiber every day. SunFiber is only 200 mg, or 0.2 grams, in Dr. Gundry’s Bio Complete 3, which is much less than most research indicates for an effective dose.

CoreBiome™  is a clinically studied and patent-pending version of tributyrin, a postbiotic[2] short-chain fatty acid. Probiotics rely on prebiotics; therefore, postbiotics are the last products of probiotics that provide a variety of health advantages. Butyrate-producing microbes in the intestines can be increased with CoreBiomeTM. Butyrate[3] is a type of short-chain fatty acid that can help with digestion.

Bacillus coagulans, also known as ProDura®, is a spore-forming bacterium with an exterior shell protecting it against hostile surroundings. It regresses to its active form in the intestinal tract in optimal circumstances.

This probiotic is remarkable because it can tolerate bile and gastric acid while remaining absorbed once it reaches the big intestine.

Bacillus coagulans, on the other hand, may be effective for irritable bowel syndrome, as per the National Library of Medicine’s[4] directory. However, currently, there is insufficient evidence to recommend it for other gastrointestinal disorders.

Bacillus coagulans are probiotic bacteria found in foods like yogurt and kimchi. In small studies, intestinal bloating[5], irritable bowel[6] syndrome, and constipation[7] have all been linked to successful treatments with this bacteria.

According to the Gundry website, one laboratory research indicated that ProDura® outperformed two well-known rivals on the market in terms of heat tolerance. This report, however, does not seem to be publicly available.

Gundry MD Total Restore

Gundry MD Total Restore

Get The Deal

30% Off Exclusively With Our Above Ambassador Link

See Gundry MD Total Restore Reviews

Total Restore is a leaky gut remedy that contains various minerals and natural components. The product has overwhelmingly positive reviews online that it works for most people who have bought it.

  • Natural ingredients are used to enhance your intestinal health.
  • Boosts your energy and focus.
  • Helps you curb your appetite and burn fat more effectively.
  • Potent remedy for leaky gut syndrome.
  • There’s a chance you’ll have some significant drug interactions.
  • Shellfish, a prevalent allergy, is used in some of the ingredients.

Many people, including alternative medicine practitioners, believe that a leaky gut is responsible for various medical problems. A leaky gut has been linked to allergies, diabetes, and arthritis, as well as a variety of other chronic health conditions.

The components in this medication aid in treating the leaky gut syndrome. They are as follows:

N-Acetyl-D-Glucosamine is a substance that protects the stomach wall and bowels, as well as treats joint pain[8], diabetes[9], and inflammatory bowel disease[10]. This substance is comparable to an amino sugar produced by the human body. This amino sugar binds to another substance, mucin[11], and aids in the formation of a protective barrier[12] in the gut. N-acetyl-D-Glucosamine[13] has been found in some preliminary investigations to have a comparable effect.

PepZin GL, a patented product, is a supplement that combines zinc and l-carnosine, two minerals that have been demonstrated to help gut health. Supplementing zinc- l-carnosine[14] can assist with gastrointestinal troubles, taste disorders, and oral mucositis, which is a swelling in the mouth.  L-carnosine is a critical component of protein synthesis[15], and we’ve already discussed how crucial it is for gut health.

An amino acid, L-glutamine[16], also plays a vital role in producing proteins. It is easier to build proteins when you have enough l-glutamine in your body. It signifies that the repair will happen sooner. It also aids in the control of glucose concentrations[17]. This can help avoid sugar cravings and the resulting gut irritation. By regulating the mucosal growth[18] in the gut, it can also help alleviate symptoms of IBS[19] and other digestive difficulties.

Grape seed extracts are the next item on the list, and they contain chemicals that are thought to have antioxidant properties. Catechin[20], gallic acid[21], and epicatechin are three chemicals that have been discovered to work together to produce a higher antioxidant effect.

Supplementing with magnesium beta-hydroxybutyrate promotes ketosis without the drawbacks of eating a high-fat diet. There’s proof that magnesium beta-hydroxybutyrate helps you control your appetite and weight control[22].

This supplement also contains black pepper,  an element high in piperine, which has been demonstrated to aid in the absorption of other nutrients[23] by the body. It’s also an excellent antioxidant.

In terms of intestinal health, black pepper aids in the reduction of gas buildup and congestion.

Gundry MD Energy Renew

Gundry MD Energy Renew

Get The Deal

33% Off Exclusively With Our Above Ambassador Link

See Gundry MD Energy Renew Reviews

Energy Renew is a ‘red’ supplement that claims to boost energy by providing a variety of polyphenols. Red supplements are the kinds that have ingredients like pomegranates, turmeric, beets, and bilberries, all high in polyphenols.

  • Helps with energy boost throughout the day.
  • Has a 90-day money-back guarantee.
  • Offers the body a good supply of vitamin C.
  • It’s relatively expensive at around $75 for a month.
  • There’s a chance you’ll have a significant drug interaction.

Thanks to its short list of components, everything you get from Gundry Energy Renew in terms of energy is  included in the following ingredients:

N Acetyl L- Carnitine[24] and a similar chemical, L- carnitine, convert fat into energy. Tests have demonstrated that it helps the elderly feel less tired and potentially slows mental decline.

D-ribose[25] is also claimed to boost energy levels when taken as a supplement.

Vitamin C[26], also known as ascorbic acid, is required for all physiological tissues’ formation, growth, and regeneration. Collagen production[27], iron assimilation, immune system functioning[28], wound repair, and maintaining the skeletal system in the body are all essential functions of vitamin C.

Lastly, it contains polyphenol[29] which is often marketed to athletes and is thought to boost energy or aid in energy recovery. Polyphenols are a broad compound category that includes terpenes and flavonoids and are often found in plants. They may give food taste and scents. The polyphenols in this supplement come from cranberry, beetroot extract, hibiscus flower extract, goji mangosteen, pomegranate berry, and maqui berry extracts.

Gundry MD Olive Oil

Gundry MD Olive Oil

Get The Deal

27% Off Exclusively With Our Above Ambassador Link

See Gundry MD Olive Oil Reviews

Dr. Gundry Polyphenol-Rich Olive Oil is a pure virgin olive oil with 30 times the amount of polyphenols as other competing manufacturers. According to Dr. Gundry, it is nutritious and something you would relish consuming.

  • Enhances arterial health.
  • Excellent vitamin for improving blood flow.
  • Aids in the hydration and softening of the skin.
  • It’s a robust immune system booster.
  • Expensive supplement.

The olive oil is made up of organic extra virgin olive oil, containing thirty times the quantity of polyphenols present in conventional olive oil.

The Moroccan deserts, an environment in which olive trees thrive, served as the primary location for cultivating and collecting the ingredients which make Gundry Olive Oil.

Olive oil has a high antioxidant[30] content, and it also contains vitamins K and E, making it an excellent choice for maintaining overall body health. In addition to reducing your risk of contracting certain diseases, it also assists your body in its fight against inflammation[31].

The antioxidant qualities of olive oil are primarily responsible for its anti-inflammatory action; nevertheless, the presence of oleic acid[32] in olive oil also contributes to this effect. The level of crucial markers of inflammation like CRP[33] is lowered due to the consumption of this oleic acid.

Olive oil has been shown to protect LDL cholesterol[34] from oxidation, improve vascular lining[35], and reduce excessive platelet aggregation[36]. In addition to this, it has been discovered that olive oil can help lower blood pressure[37] to a healthier level.

Olive oil has been shown to reduce symptoms of arthritis, according to scientific research[38]. This is again connected as it contains anti-inflammatory chemicals. It reduces the oxidative stress experienced by individuals who have rheumatoid arthritis. 

You may complement it with fish oil, another oil containing omega-3 fatty acids that help reduce inflammation. Joint discomfort and morning stiffness can all be supported by the cooperation of the two. It will optimize the benefits of both on their own.

Gundry MD Proplant Complete Shake

Gundry MD Proplant Complete Shake

Get The Deal

29% Off Exclusively With Our Exclusive Link

See Gundry MD Proplant Complete Shake Reviews

The Gundry MD Proplant Complete Shake is loaded with many compounds, including proteins, beneficial to our general health. Flaxseed, spirulina, and hemp protein are all components of this product.

  • The digestive and immune systems both benefit from taking this supplement.
  • Has a positive effect on both the brain and mood.
  • Contributes to the development of a stronger skeletal system.
  • Provides you with increased amounts of energy.
  • It is an expensive supplement.

The consumption of hemp protein is associated with various health benefits, including a strengthened immune system[39] and elevated energy levels. Several studies have pointed out that they are also beneficial for maintaining healthy hair[40] and, surprisingly, improving our bodies’ capacity to digest[41] various foods. In addition to acting as a complement to flaxseed, these foods can also help reduce inflammation[42] within the human body.

One method to provide our bodies with sufficient fiber, which greatly assists in digesting food[43], is to consume flaxseed.

Spirulina is included, and its proteins complement those found in hemp. In addition to its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant[44] properties, it also can reduce pain and swelling. In addition to this, it can lower the amount of cholesterol[45] in your body.

In addition to the primary components described above, Dr. Gundry’s product contains several other elements that contribute to the product’s overall health advantages. Thiamin, niacin, riboflavin[46], vitamin B6, calcium[47], folate, iron, magnesium, phosphorus[48], zinc, manganese, copper, potassium, and sodium are examples.

They are derived from plants and are ideal for vegans and vegetarians.

Gundry MD Metabolic Advanced

Gundry MD Metabolic Advanced

Get The Deal

28% Off Exclusively With Our Above Ambassador Link

See Gundry MD Metabolic Advanced Reviews

One of the ways that you can lose weight is by increasing your metabolism. With a fast metabolism, the rate at which your body burns calories while at rest is elevated. And using this supplement helps you to achieve that.

  • The metabolism and the immune system both benefit from using this supplement.
  • Gives you more energy.
  • Affects the body as a whole, including the immune system.
  • Several scientific investigations have validated the formula.
  • Cause complications for those currently dealing with existing health concerns.

This Gundry MD Metabolic Advanced has seven metabolic rate booster ingredients. These are all products of nature and are purely organic. The following are the components:

The presence of selenium performs a variety of functions in your system. One of them is the production of thyroid hormones[49], which aid in regulating your metabolism. As a result, it’s frequently promoted as a weight-loss aid.

The chromium included can be helpful in the fight against diabetes[50], particularly for people who have previously developed insulin resistance and hypoglycemia.

Because it contains Zinc Citrate[51], Gundry MD Metabolic Advanced makes it possible to prevent developing a zinc shortage in the body. The Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA)[52] is 11 milligrams of zinc per day for men and 8 milligrams for women. Taking the dietary food supplement in the recommended amount will allow you to get the necessary zinc quantity. The Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for pregnant or nursing women is greater than 11 and 12 milligrams (mg), respectively.

According to the findings of one study[53], those who are obese and take zinc at a dosage of 30 mg per day for four weeks can experience a considerable reduction in body mass index (BMI) and a loss of weight.

Cinnamon Bark[54] is a nutritious spice since it contains cinnamic acid, cinnamaldehyde, and cinnamate. This contributes to an oxidative, anti-inflammatory[55], antibacterial, anti-diabetic[56], and anticancer[57] molecule.

Your body can fight off infections[58] better thanks to the inflammatory and neuroprotective properties of the berberine HCL. In addition to this, it is possible to bring the sugar levels[59] in the blood down.

It has been demonstrated that turmeric root extract provides a variety of advantages beyond a reasonable doubt. One example of such a benefit is improving an individual’s brain function[60] and heart health[61].

Many antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties can be derived from black pepper fruit extract from another spice. Aside from that, it helps lower your risk of acquiring neurological disorders such as epilepsy[62] and Parkinson’s disease[63].In addition to this, the supplement has prebiotic ingredients[64], which stimulate the growth of beneficial bacteria already present in our digestive tract and help keep a healthy balance.

Gundry MD TriTrim

Gundry MD TriTrim

Get The Deal

49% Off Exclusively With Our Above Ambassador Link

See Gundry MD TriTrim Reviews

TriTrim works to cut cravings for unhealthy foods and sugars as a supplement that is the best for managing weight. It also prevents the absorption of fat and carbohydrates. The synergy of these effects is responsible for the weight loss achieved with this supplement.

  • Assists you in maintaining a more stable blood sugar level.
  • Helps control cravings.
  • Prevents the absorption of carbohydrates as well as fat.
  • This supplement may contribute to achieving a calorie deficit.
  • Some people report experiencing cramping in the stomach.

This supplement contains several blends, including sugar suppression, fat-blocking, and carb defense.

The Gundry MD Tritrim product, for example, comprises a sugar-suppression combination with chromium, selenium[65], zinc, BioPerine, berberine[58], cinnamon bark, and turmeric root.

The TriTrim supplement has a fat-blocking mix that includes the two main ingredients below.

  1. CQR 300, or Cissus quadrangularis, is a studied nutrient[66]. This substance exhibited significant decreases in glucose concentrations and weight in the participants during the experiments. Serum lipids are also reduced, which improves overall heart health. The substance is from a medicinal vine commonly used for bone health and weight loss.
  2. Natreon’s Sensoril Ashwagandha[67] is another proprietary nutrient. Twelve clinical trials have been conducted on the nutrient. They demonstrate how the component is necessary for stress relief, improved attention, increased energy, and better sleep quality.

The TriTrim product contains two substances that aid weight loss under carbohydrate (carb) defense. They include glucomannan[68], a dietary fiber that helps you feel fuller for longer by lowering food cravings. As a result, it’s an excellent substance for weight loss and management. White kidney bean extract is used in Phase 2 carb controller[69]. It is a patented Ashland Chemical component that helps to reduce glucose digestion and absorption by up to 66%.

Gundry MD Vital Reds

Gundry MD Vital Reds

Get The Deal

40% Off Exclusively With Our Above Ambassador Link

See Gundry MD Vital Reds Reviews

According to Gundry MD, the supplement was created to help people achieve better overall health. It has a variety of micronutrients and substances that help with digestion, thanks to the natural ingredients utilized in its creation.

  • Boosts your energy levels.
  • Lots of polyphenols in it.
  • Assists in digestion, weight loss, and the heart.
  • Adverse effects are not disclosed.
  • Irregular heartbeat and diarrhea are two significant side effects.

It’s a groundbreaking composition, according to Gundry MD, because it contains over 34 varieties of polyphenol compounds and superfruits, as well as probiotics and thermogenic substances that not only ease digestion but also help you stay in shape.

The following is a list of all the available blends:

The polyphenols blend contains the following ingredients: plum, berberine hydrochloride, organic flaxseed, pear, Aronia berry extract organic[70], apple, orange, blueberry fruit concentrate[71], grapefruit, organic beetroot[72], red raspberry, mango, acai fruit extract[73], blackberry, strawberry, European black currant fruit extract, pomegranate, papaya, mulberry fruit[74], cantaloupe, cranberry fruit extract[75], cherry, grape, and grape seed[76].

Bacillus coagulans[77], Lactobacillus acidophilus[78], Lactobacillus reuteri[79], and Bifidobacterium lactis[80] make up the digesting blend.

Extracts from cinnamon bark, green tea leaf, ginger root, turmeric root, black pepper fruit, extract Bitter melon fruit[81], and white tea leaf are all included in the metabolic stimulating blend. This supplement also contains fructo-oligosaccharides[82] (FOS), a type of sugar found in many plants, including garlic, onions, and bananas. Fructo-oligosaccharides are soluble dietary fibers with several physiological advantages, including increased prebiotic effects, mineral absorption, and lower cholesterol and phospholipid levels.

Gundry MD Active Advantage

Gundry MD Active Advantage

Get The Deal

33% Off Exclusively With Our Above Ambassador Link

See Gundry MD Active Advantage Reviews

Gundry’s special combination combines a few substances to help you sustain a healthy energy level, minimize weariness, and boost your metabolism. And if you wish to slow down the aging process, these factors work in your favor.

  • Provides the body with sufficient antioxidants to help avoid weariness.
  • This supplement may help to delay the onset of some aging symptoms.
  • Encourage proper cell function.
  • 90-day money-back guarantee if it doesn’t help you enhance your energy levels.
  • Interactions with other drugs could be hazardous.

Four essential elements in Active Advantage have been proved to decrease cell damage or promote healthier cell activity.

Astaxanthin[83] is an antioxidant that helps the body fight free radicals. Free radicals harm cells by causing oxidative stress, and it is both cardioprotective and neuroprotective.

Vitamin E[84] has the potential to heal and protect your eyes, skin, brain, and blood. It does, however, serve as an antioxidant. Free radicals are chemicals found in the body that can harm cells. Antioxidants protect against harm by lowering the number of free radicals in your system.

As an outcome, cells can operate at a higher level of efficiency. This has been linked to a significant energy increment in day-to-day activities.

COQ10[85] is another antioxidant that helps to eliminate free radicals from your body. Coenzyme Q10 insufficiency is frequent in the elderly. COQ10 supplementation may help alleviate some of the weariness of growing older.

What Do We Like About Gundry MD?

Aside from providing amazing health benefits to their customers, there are a lot of positive things we have to say about Gundry MD. First of all, is the value of their products, their supplements are being sold at reasonable prices but the price can drop significantly thanks to the numerous discounts and coupon codes that they offer. 

Unlike some supplements out there, Gundry MD prioritizes using natural ingredients for its products. Their food supplements are mostly derived from fruits, vegetables, and various plant extracts. 

90-day money-back guarantee

A lot of Dr. Gundry reviews mention their 90-day money-back guarantee feature which shows confidence in the quality of their items.  This not only creates trust between consumers but also shows how capable they are as a company.

Easy-to-use Website

It’s also good to know that Gundry MD has an amazing website. The layout is easy to understand and you can read everything you need to know about the company and its items from there. It also helps that their pages are very organized and they even have pictures of some of the ingredients themselves!

Customer reviews

Lastly, we have to comment on Gundry MD for their honesty as well. Unlike some supplements out there, they don’t claim to be this wonderdrug or super supplement that will solve all your problems. They mention on each of their products that each individual is unique and as such, every person will react differently to their products.  

Their supplements aren’t the solution to everything and they make it as clear as day to their customers. Their transparency for this makes them more trustworthy and reliable in our eyes.

What We Don’t Like About Gundry MD?

With all the praise we are giving Gundry MD, you’d think that it was the perfect company to sell us miracle cures and supplements. However, despite all of this, Gundry MD still has some flaws worth taking note of. 

One of the most noteworthy flaws of the product is the lack of lab results on the website itself. Their website might be amazing but it does not show us any lab tests for the product itself. They may be transparent about their products not working for everyone but we wish they’d be more transparent in sharing with us the proof of why these products will work in the first place.

Another thing to be wary of is that most Gundry MD products aren’t approved by the FDA, which is normal for the supplement industry. This makes them less trustworthy as a company which is why a lot of people think that they are a sham and they’re selling us watered-down vitamins. 

Final Thought

Overall, Gundry MD is an amazing company that claims to improve its customer’s overall health. A lot of customer reviews and testimonials show that their products work and provide noticeable results.  But their lack of lab results and transparency might be something to take note of when planning to buy Gundry MD products.

Their products are generally safe and they are usually made out of natural ingredients that are known to improve one’s health. Most of their supplements help boost energy, improve mood, and aid in digestion. So keep this in mind if you’re having health problems like fatigue or indigestion.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the 3 Foods Dr.Gundry says to avoid?

Although they may seem healthy at first dr. Gundry advises people to avoid fruit, cereal, and milk products

Is Steven Gundry a real doctor?

Yes. Dr. Gundry is a former cardiologist and heart surgeon.

What supplements does Dr.Gundry recommend?

Dr. Gundry advises people to take vitamin D3 and long-chain omega-3 fats.

Where can I buy Gundry MD Products?

The best place to buy Gundry MD products is only through their website. Click on the link above to buy your favorite one.

What are the newest Gundry MD Products?

In late 2022, Gundry MD introduces 3 products: Untox, GI Renew, and Gundry MD Essential Organe

Does Gundry MD total restore work?

Total Restore contains natural ingredients that include L-Glutamine, Licorice root extract, and Grapefruit Seeds Extract that help with digestion, and energy, as well as improve overall health.

+ 85 sources

Health Canal avoids using tertiary references. We have strict sourcing guidelines and rely on peer-reviewed studies, academic researches from medical associations and institutions. To ensure the accuracy of articles in Health Canal, you can read more about the editorial process here

  1. Rao, T.P. and Quartarone, G. (2019). Role of guar fiber in improving digestive health and function. Nutrition, [online] 59, pp.158–169. doi:10.1016/j.nut.2018.07.109.
  2. ‌Wegh, Geerlings, Knol, Roeselers and Belzer (2019). Postbiotics and Their Potential Applications in Early Life Nutrition and Beyond. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, [online] 20(19), p.4673. doi:10.3390/ijms20194673.
  3. ‌Cleophas, M.C.P., Ratter, J.M., Bekkering, S., Quintin, J., Schraa, K., Stroes, E.S., Netea, M.G. and Joosten, L.A.B. (2019). Effects of oral butyrate supplementation on inflammatory potential of circulating peripheral blood mononuclear cells in healthy and obese males. Scientific Reports, [online] 9(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-018-37246-7.
  4. ‌Medlineplus.gov. (2021). Bacillus Coagulans: MedlinePlus Supplements. [online] Available at: https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/natural/1185.html#Effectiveness ‌
  5. Kalman, D.S., Schwartz, H.I., Alvarez, P., Feldman, S., Pezzullo, J.C. and Krieger, D.R. (2009). A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel-group dual site trial to evaluate the effects of a Bacillus coagulans-based product on functional intestinal gas symptoms. BMC Gastroenterology, [online] 9(1). doi:10.1186/1471-230x-9-85.
  6. ‌Rogha, M., Esfahani, M.Z. and Zargarzadeh, A.H. (2014). The efficacy of a synbiotic containing Bacillus Coagulans in treatment of irritable bowel syndrome: a randomized placebo-controlled trial. Gastroenterology and hepatology from bed to bench, [online] 7(3), pp.156–63. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4129566/ ‌
  7. Madempudi, R.S., Neelamraju, J., Ahire, J.J., Gupta, S.K. and Shukla, V.K. (2019). Bacillus coagulans Unique IS2 in Constipation: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study. Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins, [online] 12(2), pp.335–342. doi:10.1007/s12602-019-09542-9.
  8. ‌Kubomura, D., Ueno, T., Yamada, M., Tomonaga, A. and Nagaoka, I. (2017). Effect of N-acetylglucosamine administration on cartilage metabolism and safety in healthy subjects without symptoms of arthritis: A case report. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, [online] 13(4), pp.1614–1621. doi:10.3892/etm.2017.4140.
  9. ‌Wells, L., Vosseller, K. and Hart, G.W. (2003). A role of N-acetylglucosamine as a nutrient sensor and mediator of insulin resistance. [online] ResearchGate. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/10818666_A_role_of_N-acetylglucosamine_as_a_nutrient_sensor_and_mediator_of_insulin_resistance‌
  10. Salvatore, S., Heuschkel, R., Tomlin, S. and Murch, S.H. (2000). A pilot study of N-acetyl glucosamine, a nutritional substrate for glycosaminoglycan synthesis, in… [online] ResearchGate. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/12206608_A_pilot_study_of_N-acetyl_glucosamine_a_nutritional_substrate_for_glycosaminoglycan_synthesis_in_paediatric_chronic_inflammatory_bowel_disease‌
  11. Senapati, S., Das, S. and Batra, S.K. (2010). Mucin-interacting proteins: from function to therapeutics. Trends in Biochemical Sciences, [online] 35(4), pp.236–245. doi:10.1016/j.tibs.2009.10.003.
  12. ‌Grondin, J.A., Kwon, Y.H., Far, P.M., Haq, S. and Khan, W.I. (2020). Mucins in Intestinal Mucosal Defense and Inflammation: Learning From Clinical and Experimental Studies. Frontiers in Immunology, [online] 11. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2020.02054.
  13. ‌Shmagel, A., Demmer, R., Knights, D., Butler, M., Langsetmo, L., Lane, N. and Ensrud, K. (2019). The Effects of Glucosamine and Chondroitin Sulfate on Gut Microbial Composition: A Systematic Review of Evidence from Animal and Human Studies. Nutrients, [online] 11(2), p.294. doi:10.3390/nu11020294.
  14. ‌Hewlings, S. and Kalman, D. (2020). A Review of Zinc-L-Carnosine and Its Positive Effects on Oral Mucositis, Taste Disorders, and Gastrointestinal Disorders. Nutrients, [online] 12(3), p.665. doi:10.3390/nu12030665.
  15. ‌Khosravi, M., Rahimi, R. and Safavi, E. (n.d.). Synthesis of L-carnosine and its applications in biomedical fields. [online] Available at: https://sciforum.net/manuscripts/2605/slides.pdf
  16. ‌Xiao, Q., Chen, Y.-H., Pratama, S.A., Chen, Y.-L., Shirakawa, H., Peng, H.-C. and Yang, S.-C. (2021). The Prophylactic Effects of Glutamine on Muscle Protein Synthesis and Degradation in Rats with Ethanol-Induced Liver Damage. Nutrients, [online] 13(8), p.2788. doi:10.3390/nu13082788.
  17. ‌Jafari-Vayghan, H., Varshosaz, P., Hajizadeh-Sharafabad, F., Razmi, H.R., Amirpour, M., Tavakoli-Rouzbehani, O.M., Alizadeh, M. and Maleki, V. (2020). A comprehensive insight into the effect of glutamine supplementation on metabolic variables in diabetes mellitus: a systematic review. Nutrition & Metabolism, [online] 17(1). doi:10.1186/s12986-020-00503-6.
  18. ‌Krishna Rao, R. (2012). Role of Glutamine in Protection of Intestinal Epithelial Tight Junctions. Journal of Epithelial Biology and Pharmacology, [online] 5(1), pp.47–54. doi:10.2174/1875044301205010047.
  19. ‌Zhou, Q., Verne, M.L., Fields, J.Z., Lefante, J.J., Basra, S., Salameh, H. and Verne, G.N. (2018). Randomised placebo-controlled trial of dietary glutamine supplements for postinfectious irritable bowel syndrome. Gut, [online] 68(6), pp.996–1002. doi:10.1136/gutjnl-2017-315136.
  20. ‌Guo, T., Song, D., Cheng, L. and Zhang, X. (2019). Interactions of tea catechins with intestinal microbiota and their implication for human health. Food Science and Biotechnology, [online] 28(6), pp.1617–1625. doi:10.1007/s10068-019-00656-y.
  21. ‌Yang, K., Zhang, L., Liao, P., Xiao, Z., Zhang, F., Sindaye, D., Xin, Z., Tan, C., Deng, J., Yin, Y. and Deng, B. (2020). Impact of Gallic Acid on Gut Health: Focus on the Gut Microbiome, Immune Response, and Mechanisms of Action. Frontiers in Immunology, [online] 11. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2020.580208.
  22. ‌Buga, A., Kackley, M.L., Crabtree, C.D., Sapper, T.N., Mccabe, L., Fell, B., LaFountain, R.A., Hyde, P.N., Martini, E.R., Bowman, J., Pan, Y., Scandling, D., Brownlow, M.L., O’Connor, A., Simonetti, O.P., Kraemer, W.J. and Volek, J.S. (2021). The Effects of a 6-Week Controlled, Hypocaloric Ketogenic Diet, With and Without Exogenous Ketone Salts, on Body Composition Responses. Frontiers in Nutrition, [online] 8. doi:10.3389/fnut.2021.618520.
  23. ‌Kesarwani, K. and Gupta, R. (2013). Bioavailability enhancers of herbal origin: An overview. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, [online] 3(4), pp.253–266. doi:10.1016/s2221-1691(13)60060-x.
  24. ‌Ferreira, G.C. and McKenna, M.C. (2017). l-Carnitine and Acetyl-l-carnitine Roles and Neuroprotection in Developing Brain. Neurochemical Research, [online] 42(6), pp.1661–1675. doi:10.1007/s11064-017-2288-7.
  25. ‌Mahoney, D.E., Hiebert, J.B., Thimmesch, A., Pierce, J.T., Vacek, J.L., Clancy, R.L., Sauer, A.J. and Pierce, J.D. (2018). Understanding D-Ribose and Mitochondrial Function. Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine, [online] 6(1), p.1. doi:10.7575/aiac.abcmed.v.6n.1p.1.
  26. ‌Figueroa-Méndez, R. and Rivas-Arancibia, S. (2015). Vitamin C in Health and Disease: Its Role in the Metabolism of Cells and Redox State in the Brain. Frontiers in Physiology, [online] 6. doi:10.3389/fphys.2015.00397.
  27. ‌DePhillipo, N.N., Aman, Z.S., Kennedy, M.I., Begley, J.P., Moatshe, G. and LaPrade, R.F. (2018). Efficacy of Vitamin C Supplementation on Collagen Synthesis and Oxidative Stress After Musculoskeletal Injuries: A Systematic Review. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, [online] 6(10), p.232596711880454. doi:10.1177/2325967118804544.
  28. ‌Carr, A. and Maggini, S. (2017). Vitamin C and Immune Function. Nutrients, [online] 9(11), p.1211. doi:10.3390/nu9111211.
  29. ‌Mélanie, G. and Sophie, C. (2013). In te rna t iona l Journa l o f Nut r i t ion and Metabol ism Polyphenol-rich beverages promote a sustainable and renewable generation of energy and prevent neurotoxicity. [online] 5(3), pp.28–39. doi:10.5897/IJNAM2013.0140.
  30. ‌Lanza, B. and Ninfali, P. (2020). Antioxidants in Extra Virgin Olive Oil and Table Olives: Connections between Agriculture and Processing for Health Choices. Antioxidants, [online] 9(1), p.41. doi:10.3390/antiox9010041.
  31. ‌Lucas, L., Russell, A. and Keast, R. (2011). Molecular Mechanisms of Inflammation. Anti-Inflammatory Benefits of Virgin Olive Oil and the Phenolic Compound Oleocanthal. Current Pharmaceutical Design, [online] 17(8), pp.754–768. doi:10.2174/138161211795428911.
  32. ‌JS;Cardoso, S. (2013). An overview of the modulatory effects of oleic acid in health and disease. Mini reviews in medicinal chemistry, [online] 13(2). Available at: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23278117/#:~:text=Olive%20oil%2C%20rich%20in%20oleic,ability%20to%20facilitate%20wound%20healing.‌
  33. Wang, Q., Liu, R., Chang, M. and Wang, X. (2020). Dietary oleic acid supplementation and blood inflammatory markers: a systematic review and meta-analysis… [online] ResearchGate. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/347609071_Dietary_oleic_acid_supplementation_and_blood_inflammatory_markers_a_systematic_review_and_meta-analysis_of_randomized_controlled_trials ‌
  34. Tsartsou, E., Proutsos, N., Castanas, E. and Kampa, M. (2019). Network Meta-Analysis of Metabolic Effects of Olive-Oil in Humans Shows the Importance of Olive Oil Consumption With Moderate Polyphenol Levels as Part of the Mediterranean Diet. Frontiers in Nutrition, [online] 6. doi:10.3389/fnut.2019.00006.
  35. ‌Summerhill, V., Karagodin, V., Grechko, A., Myasoedova, V. and Orekhov, A. (2018). Vasculoprotective Role of Olive Oil Compounds via Modulation of Oxidative Stress in Atherosclerosis. Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine, [online] 5. doi:10.3389/fcvm.2018.00188.
  36. ‌Agrawal, K., Melliou, E., Li, X., Pedersen, T.L., Wang, S.C., Magiatis, P., Newman, J.W. and Holt, R.R. (2017). Oleocanthal-rich extra virgin olive oil demonstrates acute anti-platelet effects in healthy men in a randomized trial. Journal of Functional Foods, [online] 36, pp.84–93. doi:10.1016/j.jff.2017.06.046.
  37. ‌Zamora-Zamora, F., Miguel, J., Gaforio, J.J. and Delgado-Rodriguez, M. (2018). Effects of olive oil on blood pressure: A systematic review and meta-analysis. [online] ResearchGate. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/328106883_Effects_of_olive_oil_on_blood_pressure_A_systematic_review_and_meta-analysis‌
  38. Chin, K.-Y. and Pang, K.-L. (2017). Therapeutic Effects of Olive and Its Derivatives on Osteoarthritis: From Bench to Bedside. Nutrients, [online] 9(10), p.1060. doi:10.3390/nu9101060.
  39. ‌Nichols, J.M. and Kaplan, B.L.F. (2020). Immune Responses Regulated by Cannabidiol. Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, [online] 5(1), pp.12–31. doi:10.1089/can.2018.0073.
  40. ‌Chauhan, A. (2021). Nutrition and health benefits of hemp-seed protein (Cannabis sativa L.). [online] ResearchGate. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/351477864_Nutrition_and_health_benefits_of_hemp-seed_protein_Cannabis_sativa_L ‌
  41. Samsamikor, M., Mackay, D., Mollard, R.C. and Aluko, R.E. (2020). A double-blind, randomized, crossover trial protocol of whole hemp seed protein and hemp seed protein hydrolysate consumption for hypertension. Trials, [online] 21(1). doi:10.1186/s13063-020-4164-z.
  42. ‌Rodriguez-Martin, N.M., Montserrat-de la Paz, S., Toscano, R., Grao-Cruces, E., Villanueva, A., Pedroche, J., Millan, F. and Millan-Linares, M.C. (2020). Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) Protein Hydrolysates Promote Anti-Inflammatory Response in Primary Human Monocytes. Biomolecules, [online] 10(5), p.803. doi:10.3390/biom10050803.
  43. ‌Parikh, M., Maddaford, T.G., Austria, J.A., Aliani, M., Netticadan, T. and Pierce, G.N. (2019). Dietary Flaxseed as a Strategy for Improving Human Health. Nutrients, [online] 11(5), p.1171. doi:10.3390/nu11051171.
  44. ‌Wu, Q., Liu, L., Miron, A., Klímová, B., Wan, D. and Kuča, K. (2016). The antioxidant, immunomodulatory, and anti-inflammatory activities of Spirulina: an overview. Archives of Toxicology, [online] 90(8), pp.1817–1840. doi:10.1007/s00204-016-1744-5.
  45. ‌CHEONG, S.H., KIM, M.Y., SOK, D.-E., HWANG, S.-Y., KIM, J.H., KIM, H.R., LEE, J.H., KIM, Y.-B. and KIM, M.R. (2010). Spirulina Prevents Atherosclerosis by Reducing Hypercholesterolemia in Rabbits Fed a High-Cholesterol Diet. Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology, [online] 56(1), pp.34–40. doi:10.3177/jnsv.56.34.
  46. ‌Nih.gov. (2020). Office of Dietary Supplements – Riboflavin. [online] Available at: https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Riboflavin-HealthProfessional/‌
  47. Nih.gov. (2012). Office of Dietary Supplements – Calcium. [online] Available at: https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Calcium-HealthProfessional/
  48. ‌Nih.gov. (2015). Office of Dietary Supplements – Phosphorus. [online] Available at: https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Phosphorus-HealthProfessional/ ‌
  49. Mehdi, Y., Hornick, J.-L., Istasse, L. and Dufrasne, I. (2013). Selenium in the Environment, Metabolism and Involvement in Body Functions. Molecules, 18(3), pp.3292–3311. doi:10.3390/molecules18033292.
  50. ‌Talab, A.T., Abdollahzad, H., Nachvak, S.M., Pasdar, Y., Eghtesadi, S., Izadi, A., Aghdashi, M.A., Mohammad Hossseini Azar, M.R., Moradi, S., Mehaki, B. and Moradi, S. (2020). Effects of Chromium Picolinate Supplementation on Cardiometabolic Biomarkers in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: a Randomized Clinical Trial. Clinical Nutrition Research, [online] 9(2), p.97. doi:10.7762/cnr.2020.9.2.97.
  51. Wegmüller, R., Tay, F., Zeder, C., Brnić, M. and Hurrell, R.F. (2013). Zinc Absorption by Young Adults from Supplemental Zinc Citrate Is Comparable with That from Zinc Gluconate and Higher than from Zinc Oxide. The Journal of Nutrition, [online] 144(2), pp.132–136. doi:10.3945/jn.113.181487.‌
  52. The Nutrition Source. (2019). Zinc. [online] Available at: https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/zinc/#:~:text=RDA%3A%20The%20Recommended%20Dietary%20Allowance,mg%20and%2012%20mg%2C%20respectively.
  53. ‌Payahoo L;Ostadrahimi A;Mobasseri M;Khaje Bishak Y;Farrin N;Asghari Jafarabadi M;Mahluji S (2013). Effects of zinc supplementation on the anthropometric measurements, lipid profiles and fasting blood glucose in the healthy obese adults. Advanced pharmaceutical bulletin, [online] 3(1). doi:10.5681/apb.2013.027.
  54. ‌Rao, P.V. and Gan, S.H. (2014). Cinnamon: A Multifaceted Medicinal Plant. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, [online] 2014, pp.1–12. doi:10.1155/2014/642942.
  55. ‌Han, X. and Parker, T.L. (2017). Antiinflammatory Activity of Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum ) Bark Essential Oil in a Human Skin Disease Model. Phytotherapy Research, [online] 31(7), pp.1034–1038. doi:10.1002/ptr.5822.
  56. ‌Sahib, A. (2016). Antidiabetic and Antioxidant Effect of Cinnamon in poorly Controlled Type-2 Diabetic Iraqi Patients: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial. Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology, [online] 5(2), p.108. doi:10.5455/jice.20160217044511.
  57. ‌sadeghi, Amirhossein Davoodvandi, Mohammad Hossein Pourhanifeh and Hamed Mirzaei (2019). Anti-cancer effects of cinnamon: Insights into its apoptosis effects. [online] ResearchGate. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/333551764_Anti-cancer_effects_of_cinnamon_Insights_into_its_apoptosis_effects‌
  58. Zhang, L., Wu, X., Yang, R., Chen, F., Liao, Y., Zhu, Z., Wu, Z., Sun, X. and Wang, L. (2021). Effects of Berberine on the Gastrointestinal Microbiota. Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, [online] 10. doi:10.3389/fcimb.2020.588517.
  59. ‌Cao, C. and Su, M. (2019). Effects of berberine on glucose-lipid metabolism, inflammatory factors and insulin resistance in patients with metabolic syndrome. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine. [online] doi:10.3892/etm.2019.7295.
  60. ‌Hopper, L. (2018). Curcumin improves memory and mood, new UCLA study says. [online] UCLA. Available at: https://newsroom.ucla.edu/releases/curcumin-improves-memory-and-mood-new-ucla-study-says#:~:text=Found%20in%20turmeric%2C%20curcumin%20has,disease%20and%20better%20cognitive%20performance.
  61. ‌Li, H., Sureda, A., Devkota, H.P., Pittalà, V., Barreca, D., Silva, A.S., Tewari, D., Xu, S. and Nabavi, S.M. (2020). Curcumin, the golden spice in treating cardiovascular diseases. Biotechnology Advances, [online] 38, p.107343. doi:10.1016/j.biotechadv.2019.01.010.
  62. ‌Mishra, A., Punia, J.K., Bladen, C., Zamponi, G.W. and Goel, R.K. (2015). Anticonvulsant mechanisms of piperine, a piperidine alkaloid. Channels, [online] 9(5), pp.317–323. doi:10.1080/19336950.2015.1092836.
  63. ‌Mostafa, N.M., Mostafa, A.M., Ashour, M.L. and Elhady, S.S. (2021). Neuroprotective Effects of Black Pepper Cold-Pressed Oil on Scopolamine-Induced Oxidative Stress and Memory Impairment in Rats. Antioxidants, [online] 10(12), p.1993. doi:10.3390/antiox10121993.
  64. ‌Davani-Davari, D., Negahdaripour, M., Karimzadeh, I., Seifan, M., Mohkam, M., Masoumi, S., Berenjian, A. and Ghasemi, Y. (2019). Prebiotics: Definition, Types, Sources, Mechanisms, and Clinical Applications. Foods, [online] 8(3), p.92. doi:10.3390/foods8030092.
  65. ‌Karalis, D.T. (2019). The Beneficiary Role of Selenium in Type II Diabetes: A Longitudinal Study. Cureus. [online] doi:10.7759/cureus.6443.
  66. ‌‌Oben, J.E., Enyegue, D., Fomekong, G.I., Soukontoua, Y.B. and Agbor, G.A. (2007). Lipids in Health and Disease, [online] 6(1), p.4. doi:10.1186/1476-511x-6-4.
  67. ‌Speers, A.B., Cabey, K.A., Soumyanath, A. and Wright, K.M. (2021). Effects of Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) on Stress and the Stress- Related Neuropsychiatric Disorders Anxiety, Depression, and Insomnia. Current Neuropharmacology, [online] 19(9), pp.1468–1495. doi:10.2174/1570159×19666210712151556.
  68. ‌Keithley, J.K., Swanson, B., Mikolaitis, S. and Jehan-Marie Adamji (2013). Safety and Efficacy of Glucomannan for Weight Loss in Overweight and Moderately Obese Adults. [online] ResearchGate. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/260063391_Safety_and_Efficacy_of_Glucomannan_for_Weight_Loss_in_Overweight_and_Moderately_Obese_Adults ‌
  69. Barrett, M.L. and Udani, J.K. (2011). A proprietary alpha-amylase inhibitor from white bean (Phaseolus vulgaris): A review of clinical studies on weight loss and glycemic control. Nutrition Journal, [online] 10(1). doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-24.
  70. ‌Jurendić, T. and Ščetar, M. (2021). Aronia melanocarpa Products and By-Products for Health and Nutrition: A Review. Antioxidants, [online] 10(7), p.1052. doi:10.3390/antiox10071052.
  71. ‌unknown (2020). Figure 3. Total bioactive content and antioxidant activity of fresh… [online] ResearchGate. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Total-bioactive-content-and-antioxidant-activity-of-fresh-blueberry-juice-and_fig2_341511314‌
  72. Carrillo, C., Wilches-Pérez, D., Hallmann, E. and Rembialkowska, E. (2019). Organic versus conventional beetroot. Bioactive compounds and antioxidant properties. [online] ResearchGate. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/335434688_Organic_versus_conventional_beetroot_Bioactive_compounds_and_antioxidant_properties ‌
  73. Matta, F.V., Xiong, J., Lila, M.A., Ward, N.I., Felipe-Sotelo, M. and Esposito, D. (2020). Chemical Composition and Bioactive Properties of Commercial and Non-Commercial Purple and White Açaí Berries. Foods, [online] 9(10), p.1481. doi:10.3390/foods9101481.
  74. ‌Khalifa, I., Zhu, W., Kai Kai Li and Li, C. (2018). Polyphenols of mulberry fruits as multifaceted compounds: Compositions, metabolism, health benefits, and… [online] ResearchGate. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/321049522_Polyphenols_of_mulberry_fruits_as_multifaceted_compounds_Compositions_metabolism_health_benefits_and_stability-A_structural_review‌
  75. Colletti, A., Sangiorgio, L., Martelli, A., Testai, L., Cicero, A.F.G. and Cravotto, G. (2021). Highly Active Cranberry’s Polyphenolic Fraction: New Advances in Processing and Clinical Applications. Nutrients, [online] 13(8), p.2546. doi:10.3390/nu13082546.
  76. ‌Shi, J., Yu, J., Pohorly, J. and Kakuda, Y. (2003). Polyphenolics in Grape Seeds – Biochemistry and Functionality. [online] ResearchGate. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/8687331_Polyphenolics_in_Grape_Seeds_-_Biochemistry_and_Functionality ‌
  77. Jäger, R., Purpura, M., Farmer, S., Cash, H.A. and Keller, D. (2017). Probiotic Bacillus coagulans GBI-30, 6086 Improves Protein Absorption and Utilization. Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins, [online] 10(4), pp.611–615. doi:10.1007/s12602-017-9354-y.
  78. ‌María Remes-Troche, J., Coss-Adame, E., Ángel Valdovinos-Díaz, M., Gómez-Escudero, O., Eugenia Icaza-Chávez, M., Antonio Chávez-Barrera, J., Zárate-Mondragón, F., Antonio Velarde-Ruíz Velasco, J., Rafael Aceves-Tavares, G., Antonio Lira-Pedrín, M., Cerda-Contreras, E., Carmona-Sánchez, R.I., Guerra López, H. and Solana Ortiz, R. (2020). Lactobacillus acidophilus LB: a useful pharmabiotic for the treatment of digestive disorders. Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology, [online] 13, p.175628482097120. doi:10.1177/1756284820971201.
  79. ‌Nation, M.L., Dunne, E.M., Joseph, S.J., Mensah, F.K., Sung, V., Satzke, C. and Tang, M.L.K. (2017). Impact of Lactobacillus reuteri colonization on gut microbiota, inflammation, and crying time in infant colic. Scientific Reports, [online] 7(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-017-15404-7.
  80. ‌Cheng, J., Laitila, A. and Ouwehand, A.C. (2021). Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis HN019 Effects on Gut Health: A Review. Frontiers in Nutrition, [online] 8. doi:10.3389/fnut.2021.790561.
  81. ‌Md Ashraful Alam, Uddin, R., Subhan, N. and Hasan Mahmud Reza (2015). Review Article Beneficial Role of Bitter Melon Supplementation in Obesity and Related Complications in… [online] ResearchGate. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/270879869_Review_Article_Beneficial_Role_of_Bitter_Melon_Supplementation_in_Obesity_and_Related_Complications_in_Metabolic_Syndrome‌
  82. Meksawan, K., Chaotrakul, C., Leeaphorn, N., Gonlchanvit, S., Eiam-Ong, S. and Kanjanabuch, T. (2016). Effects of Fructo-Oligosaccharide Supplementation on Constipation in Elderly Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Patients. Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis, [online] 36(1), pp.60–66. doi:10.3747/pdi.2014.00015.
  83. ‌Donoso, A., González-Durán, J., Muñoz, A.A., González, P.A. and Agurto-Muñoz, C. (2021). ‘Therapeutic uses of natural astaxanthin: An evidence-based review focused on human clinical trials’. Pharmacological Research, [online] 166, p.105479. doi:10.1016/j.phrs.2021.105479.
  84. ‌Nih.gov. (2020). Office of Dietary Supplements – Vitamin E. [online] Available at: https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminE-HealthProfessional/#:~:text=However%2C%20the%20study%20did%20find,decrease%20in%20cardiovascular%20death%20rates. ‌
  85. NCCIH. (2017). Coenzyme Q10. [online] Available at: https://www.nccih.nih.gov/health/coenzyme-q10 ‌
Mitchelle Morgan

Medically reviewed by:

Kathy Shattler

Mitchelle Morgan is a health and wellness writer with over 10 years of experience. She holds a Master's in Communication. Her mission is to provide readers with information that helps them live a better lifestyle. All her work is backed by scientific evidence to ensure readers get valuable and actionable content.

Medically reviewed by:

Kathy Shattler

Harvard Health Publishing

Database from Health Information and Medical Information

Harvard Medical School
Go to source

Trusted Source

Database From Cleveland Clinic Foundation

Go to source

Trusted Source

Database From U.S. Department of Health & Human Services

Governmental Authority
Go to source


Database from World Health Organization

Go to source

Neurology Journals

American Academy of Neurology Journals

American Academy of Neurology
Go to source


United Nations Global Compact
Go to source

Trusted Source

Database From National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services
Go to source

Trusted Source

Database from U.S. National Library of Medicine

U.S. Federal Government
Go to source

Trusted Source

Database From Department of Health and Human Services

Governmental Authority
Go to source

PubMed Central

Database From National Institute Of Health

U.S National Library of Medicine
Go to source

Help us rate this article

Thank you for your feedback

Keep in touch to see our improvement