The study,led by Rashida Ferrand, Lecturer in Clinical Epidemiology at London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, asked each of the children to complete a questionnaire about themselves and their health. They were then given routine investigations, including HIV testing. Nearly half of participants were HIV positive; they were more likely to have stunted growth and to have a delay in the onset of puberty compared to other children their age. They were also more likely to have lost their mother to HIV, or to have an HIV-infected mother than HIV-negative adolescents. The results of the study have been published in PLoS Medicine online: http://www.plosmedicine.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000178
69% of HIV-positive participants were admitted to hospital because of infections such as tuberculosis or pneumonia whereas only 19% of the HIV-negative participants were admitted for similar infections. Finally, 22% of the HIV-positive participants died while in hospital, compared to only 7% of the HIV-negative participants.
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