ECG-triggered coronary CTA is a common, minimally invasive procedure that is used to evaluate blockages in the coronary arteries.
“During ECG-triggered coronary CTA, there is a mandatory minimum time that the scanner must be on during each heartbeat, and there is typically extra time added before and after this which is referred to as “padding”,” said Troy LaBounty, MD, lead author of the study. “By reducing or eliminating “padding” we shorten the scanner “on time” and lower the radiation dose,” said LaBounty.
The study was performed at three different sites, including Weill Cornell Medical College in New York, NY; Fairfax Radiology Associates in Fairfax, VA; and the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada. It included 886 patients who underwent ECG-triggered coronary CTA with a padding duration of either 0, 1-99, or 100-150 milliseconds. “Results showed that increased padding was associated with a greater radiation dose (45 percent increase per 100-millisecond increase in padding),” said LaBounty. No difference in image interpretability was seen between the three groups.
“Our data show that use of minimal or no padding can result in reduced radiation dose with preserved image interpretability in examinations of patients with excellent heart rate control,” he said.
“Concerns regarding the radiation exposure associated with coronary CTA have resulted in the development of new techniques to reduce radiation dose. Padding duration can be adjusted on a patient by patient basis, and decreased padding should be considered in dose reduction strategies for patients with excellent heart rate control,” said LaBounty.
This study appears in the April issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology. For a copy of the full study or to request an interview with Dr. LaBounty, please contact Heather Curry via email at firstname.lastname@example.org or at 703-390-9822.
The American Roentgen Ray Society (ARRS) was founded in 1900 and is the oldest radiology society in the United States. Its monthly journal, the American Journal of Roentgenology, began publication in 1906. Radiologists from all over the world attend the ARRS annual meeting to participate in instructional courses, scientific paper presentations and scientific and commercial exhibits related to the field of radiology. The Society is named after the first Nobel Laureate in Physics, Wilhelm Röentgen, who discovered the x-ray in 1895.