Meningococcal disease is a serious infection that may develop rapidly and spread to multiple body systems. Early symptoms may include fever, severe headache, stiff neck, nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to bright lights, confusion and lethargy. Symptoms may develop rapidly and for this reason, it is important to get medical care as soon as possible.
Meningococcal disease is typically not transmitted by routine or casual contact, but is spread by activities such as kissing, sharing eating utensils, drink containers, and toothbrushes, and by prolonged, close contact with an infected person.
College students are strongly encouraged to get the meningococcal vaccine prior to starting at Penn State; those who live in University-owned housing are required by Pennsylvania law to either be immunized against meningococcal disease or complete a waiver of exemption. In 2015, two meningitis vaccines, effective against specific strains of serogroup B meningococcal infections, were approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use in college students. These vaccines, in addition to a dose of the meningococcal vaccine for serogroups A, C, W and Y received after age 16, can help to protect against the most common causes of meningococcal disease. Students can get the meningococcal vaccines at University Health Services by scheduling an appointment online at http://studentaffairs.psu.edu/health/myUHS/appointments.shtml or by calling (814) 863-0774.
For additional information about meningococcal disease, visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention online at http://www.cdc.gov/meningococcal/index.html.