03:27pm Monday 23 October 2017

Drug Statistics 2010

Illustration photo, www.colourbox.noThe second most common is amphetamine, followed by THC (the active ingredient in cannabis) and methamphetamine. In the benzodiazepine group of sedative drugs there was also an increased detection of clonazepam last year, which indicates increasing illegal sales of the drug.

In 2010, drug analysis was performed by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health (NIPH) in about 9 500 cases where drivers were suspected of driving while intoxicated. Of these, approximately 1 600 breath samples were taken by the police locally, about 3 200 blood samples were analysed by the NIPH only for alcohol, and about 4 700 blood samples were analysed for alcohol, intoxicating drugs and narcotic substances. The NIPH routinely looks for over 30 different intoxicating drugs and narcotic substances, and detects an average of two or three drugs in the same blood sample.

Alcohol in a unique position

In 2010, the Norwegian Institute of Public Health detected alcohol in about 4 700 blood samples from drivers where the police suspected driving while intoxicated. In addition, police found alcohol in about 1 600 cases where breath samples were taken locally. In total, this represents approximately 6 300 cases where drivers have been behind the wheel under the influence of alcohol.

Narcotic substances and intoxicating drugs

The table below shows which narcotic substances / intoxicating drugs were detected. Both the illegal drugs (e.g. methamphetamine and cocaine) and prescription medicines (e.g. codeine and diazepam) are included. The analysis findings do not necessarily indicate whether the substance taken is illegal or not. As a rule, several substances are usually detected in blood samples.

Amphetamine is detected in blood samples, after use of both amphetamine and methamphetamine (methamphetamine is converted in the body to amphetamine). Two-thirds of amphetamine findings are probably due to consumption of methamphetamine.

 

Generic name

Example of proprietary name / description

Total

(n=4721)

Per cent

1

Amphetamine

Dexedrine, Dexamine, Metamin, Deksamphetamine

1513

32 %

2

THC

Active ingredient in cannabis

1454

31 %

3

Methamphetamine

 

1433

30 %

4

Diazepam

Valium Vival Stesolid

1148

24 %

5

Klonazepam

Rivotril

1077

23 %

6

Alprazolam

Xanor

344

7 %

7

Nitrazepam

Apodorm Mogadon

276

6 %

7

Morphine

Heroin Dolcontin

276

6 %

9

Oxazepam

Sobril Alopam

201

4 %

10

Codeine

Paralgin forte Pinex forte

158

3 %

11

GHB

Xyrem

133

3 %

12

Methadone

 

127

3 %

13

Zopiclone

Imovane Zopiclone

121

3 %

14

Buprenorphine

Subutex Temgesic Suboxone

95

2 %

15

Ritalinic acid

Ritalin Concerta Medikinet Equasym depot

68

1 %

16

Pregabalin

Lyrica

62

1 %

17

Flunitrazepam

Flunipam Rohypnol

61

1 %

18

Fenazepam

 

53

1 %

19

Zolpidem

Stilnoct

49

1 %

20

Oxycodone

Oxycodone OxyContin OxyNorm

20

0.4 %

 


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