- “Price is king” — global production of heroin and opiates will remain concentrated in Afghanistan for the foreseeable future, regardless of counter-narcotics efforts.
- Rural development efforts should be focused on assisting rural populations — aid should not be provided only to those who desist from poppy-growing.
- Counter-narcotics enforcement efforts should be refocused to discriminate against illegal armed groups and corrupt officials.
“Afghanistan supplies 90 percent of the illicit opium in the world. Nothing done in Afghanistan is likely to change that much or to shrink world demand,” Kleiman said. “When counter-narcotics efforts in Afghanistan succeed, the result is higher prices and the movement of the drug trade to insurgent-held areas. Why should we enrich our enemies?”
Kleiman, Caulkins and Kulick will be available to discuss their findings with the media in Washington, D.C., on Tuesday, July 6, at the U.S. Institute of Peace (1200 17th Street NW).