08:05am Monday 23 October 2017

Intoxicating drugs in traffic – 2009 statistics

traffic

Last year, motorists and motorcyclists were found to be intoxicated in about 6,500 cases. Methamphetamine was detected in 1,480 cases, four times as many as in 2001.

In 2009, about 9600 samples were analysed from people suspected of driving under the influence of alcohol. Of these, approximately 1,700 were breath samples taken locally by the police. The Norwegian Institute of Public Health analysed approximately 3,300 blood samples for alcohol only and 4,600 blood samples for alcohol, medicines and narcotics. The NIPH routinely searches for 30 different intoxicant medicines and narcotics, and often detects more than one in the same sample.

Not just alcohol

In blood samples where a broad analysis was made (an analysis of alcohol and the most common intoxicant substances) cannabis, methamphetamine and amphetamine came high on the list, along with tranquilizers of the benzodiazepine-type – such as diazepam Valium ®, Vival ® and Stesolid ®. In 2009, Clonazepam (Rivotril ®), which is mainly prescribed for epilepsy, was the second most common benzodiazepine. The police have also reported increased seizures of the drug indicating an increasing illegal traffic of clonazepam (Rivotril ®). MDMA (ecstasy) was detected in only 12 (0.3%) of blood samples. For comparison, in 2001 MDMA (ecstasy) was found in 194 blood samples.

  Chemical name Medication name / description Total (n=4590)  Percent
 1  Methamphetamine    1480   32 %
 2   THC  Active ingredient in cannabis  1252  27 %
 3  Diazepam  Valium® Vival® Stesolid®  1084  24 %
 4  Amphetamines  1071  23 %
 5  Clonazepam   Rivotril®  894  19 %
 6  Alprazolam  Xanor®   434  9 %
 7  Morphine  Heroin, Dolcontin®  349  8 %
 8  Nitrazepam  Apodorm® Mogadon®  263  6 %
 9  Oxazepam  Sobril® Alopam®  230  5 %
 10  Codeine  Paralgin Forte®  206  4 %
 11  Methadone  Methadone®  145  3 %
 12  Zopiclone  Imovane® Zopiclone®  145  3 %
 13  Flunitrazepam  Flunipam® Rohypnol®  85  2 %
 14  Buprenorphine  Subutex® Temgesic® Suboxone®  75  2 %
 15  Fenazepam    69  2 % 
 16  Zolpidem  Stilnoct®  68  1 %
 17  GHB    50  1 %
 18  Cocaine    22  0.5 %
 19  Meprobamate  Somadril® Anervan®  20  0.4 %
 20  MDMA  Ecstasy  12  0.3 %

 


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