Heart disease happens once the blood vessels of your heart are damaged or diseased. This results in fatty deposit buildups known as plaque, which might block the blood vessels or cause blood clots. heart disease can cause several serious health issues like heart attack, congestive heart failure, or heart rhythm issues. All of these health problems may result in death, so treating heart conditions is very important.
To treat your heart condition, your doctor will most likely suggest that you make important lifestyle changes, like starting an exercise program. They’ll also probably prescribe medications. Several sorts of medications are available and that they help treat heart failure and diseases in numerous ways.
There are several heart medications prescribed for heart disease. it is vital for individuals with heart failure and people who care for them to understand the meds, follow the labels, and acknowledge possible side effects.
Your heart medication treatment plan will rely on how heart condition affects your cardiovascular system, which means your heart and blood vessels. Not all heart disease is the same, therefore it’s not all treated the same means. For example, your abnormal heart might cause excessive blood clotting, or it may increase your blood pressure, or it might do both. As a result, you’ll need more than one medication to manage your heart disease symptoms.
Causes of Heart Failures
Heart failure typically develops after different conditions have damaged or weakened your heart. However, the heart does not need to be weakened to cause heart failure. It may also occur if the heart becomes too stiff.
In heart failure, the main pumping chambers of your heart (the ventricles) could become stiff and not fill properly between beats. In some cases of heart failure, your heart muscle could become damaged and weakened, and therefore the ventricles stretch (dilate) to the point that the heart can’t pump blood with efficiency throughout your body.
Over time, the heart can no longer maintain with the normal demands placed on it to pump blood to the rest of your body.
An ejection fraction is a very important measurement of how well your heart is pumping and is used to help classify heart failure and guide treatment. During a healthy heart, the ejection fraction is 50% or higher — which means that more than half the blood that fills the ventricle is pumped out with every beat.
However, heart disease will occur even with a normal ejection fraction. This happens if your heart muscle becomes stiff from conditions like high blood pressure.
Heart failure will involve the left ventricle, right ventricle, or both sides of your heart. Normally, heart failure begins with the left side, specifically the left ventricle — your heart’s main pumping chamber.
Best Drugs to Treat Heart Disease
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
ACE inhibitors stop your body from forming angiotensin. angiotensin may be a hormone that causes your blood vessels to constrict or get smaller, which will increase your blood pressure. Lower angiotensin levels, then, help widen your blood vessels and let your blood flow a lot more easily. This reduces your blood pressure that makes it a good heart medicine.
Your doctor may prescribe more ACE inhibitors if you’ve got high blood pressure or heart failure. they’ll additionally prescribe one after you’ve had a heart attack. These heart medicines may help your heart muscle live through a shortage of oxygen during the attack. They are also used to treat and stop another heart failure.
Never stop taking ACE inhibitors, even if you feel it’s not working. If you’re taking them for heart disease, your symptoms may not improve quickly. However, long-term use of ACE inhibitors helps manage chronic heart failure and reduce the possibility that your condition will worsen.
ACE inhibitors include:
- Benazepril (Lotensin)
- Ramipril (Altace)
Your doctor may prescribe an anticoagulant that is used to treat and stop heart failure, stroke, blood pressure, or different serious health issues.
With heart disease, one of the main problems is plaque. A buildup of plaque in a blood vessel will cause a blood clot, which may cause serious problems once it breaks free of the plaque. For example, if the clot gets lodged in a heart vessel, it will partly or fully block blood flow to the heart and cause a heart attack. If the blood clot travels to the lungs, a pulmonary embolism could result. And if a clot lodges in the brain, a stroke might occur.
Anticoagulants work by preventing blood clots from forming. Some do this by preventing your body from creating substances referred to as clotting factors. Others keep the clotting factors from working or prevent different chemicals from forming in order that clots can’t develop. Anticoagulants don’t break up existing blood clots, however.
- Enoxaparin (Lovenox)
- Warfarin (Coumadin)
Your doctor may prescribe an antiplatelet drug to stop a future heart attack if you’ve already had one or if you have plaque buildup in your arteries. They may also prescribe one if you’ve got an abnormal heart rhythm, like atrial fibrillation. Arrhythmias raise your risk of blood clots.
Like anticoagulants, antiplatelet medications help stop blood clots, however, they do so in a completely different method. They prevent your body from creating a substance, known as thromboxane, which tells platelets to stay together to form a clot.
Antiplatelet drugs include:
- Clopidogrel (Plavix)
- Prasugrel (Effient)
Beta-blockers are a broad class of medications used to treat completely different issues from heart conditions. In general, beta-blockers work by blocking the actions of specific chemicals that stimulate your heart, like epinephrine (adrenaline). This enables the heart to beat more slowly and less forcefully.
Doctors could prescribe a beta-blocker to help stop a first attack as well as repeat heart attacks. They will also prescribe one if you’ve got high blood pressure, heart failure, chest pain, or an arrhythmia.
- Metoprolol (Lopressor)
- Labetalol (Trandate)
- Propranolol (Inderal)
Calcium channel blockers
Calcium is needed for all muscles to move, as well as the heart. Calcium channel blockers work by regulating the quantity of calcium that enters muscle cells in your heart and blood vessels. This makes your heart beat less forcefully and helps blood vessels relax.
Doctors may prescribe a calcium channel blocker if you have high blood pressure, chest pain, or heart arrhythmia.
Calcium channel blockers include:
- Amlodipine (Norvasc)
- Diltiazem (Cardizem)
- Nifedipine (Procardia)
High cholesterol levels in your blood will cause plaque to build up. These kinds of drugs end up in narrowed or blocked blood vessels which will cause heart failure, stroke, or different serious issues. Cholesterol medications are used to help lower your levels of LDL or “bad” cholesterol and raise your levels of HDL or “good” cholesterol. These steps lower your risk of plaque buildup. Some cholesterol drugs are proved to decrease the risk of death from heart disease.
Cholesterol-lowering medications include:
- Statins such as atorvastatin (Lipitor), pravastatin sodium (Pravachol), and simvastatin (Zocor)
- Cholesterol absorption inhibitors like ezetimibe (Zetia)
- Fibric acid derivatives like fenofibrate (Tricor)
- Nicotinic acid such as niacin (Niacor)
- Bile acid resins like cholestyramine
Digitalis medication is available as digoxin (Lanoxin). It will increase the quantity of calcium within the cells of your heart. This makes your heart pump tougher, sending out a lot of blood with every beat. For this reason, your doctor could prescribe digitalis medication if you’ve got heart failure.
Digitalis medication additionally works by slowing certain electrical signals sent inside your heart. This reduces the total number of signals, which helps lessen arrhythmias. Your doctor can also prescribe digitalis if you have an irregular heart rhythm like atrial fibrillation. digoxin is usually prescribed along with diuretics and an ACE inhibitor.
Frequently Asked Questions
There’s a lot of choices available as treatments for congestive heart failure than ever before. Tight management over your medications and lifestyle, including careful monitoring, are the primary steps. Because the condition progresses, doctors specializing in the treatment of heart conditions can offer a lot of advanced treatment choices.
Overall, treatment for heart condition typically includes lifestyle modifications. These embrace consuming a low-fat and diet, having at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise on most days of the week, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol intake.
Heart disease is known to have no cure, however, treatments can make it better. Almost every kind of heart condition or issue can be treated with modern medicines and technology. Several evidence indicates that normalizing high-pressure levels blood and lowering cholesterol to very low levels can partly reverse plaques within the coronary arteries.