Sections

Imaging Stroke Risk in 4D

New MRI technique detects blood flow velocity to identify who is most at risk for stroke

Alternative Therapies

Chinese herbal treatment shows signs of effectiveness in bone marrow recovery

Reggie Kumar FINDINGS UCLA researchers have found that a Chinese herbal regimen called TSY-1 (Tianshengyuan-1) increased telomerase activity in normal blood cells but decreased it in cancer cells. Telomerase is an enzyme ... Full story

Blood, Heart and Circulation

New Method of Creating Blood Vessel Cells to Repair Injured Tissues

Dr. Shahin Rafii A gene essential for making blood vessels in embryos can successfully transform amniotic cells into therapeutic blood vessel cells, according to new research from Weill Cornell Medicine investigators. ... Full story

Heart disease

App improves medication adherence for heart stent patients

Jacqueline Carey A tablet computer application helped heart patients with drug-eluting stents take their medications correctly, a study has found. The software, called MyIDEA (for “My Interventional Drug-Eluting Stent Education App”) was developed by ... Full story

Schizophrenia

Genes responsible for extinguishing fearful memories are mutated in schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is an illness affecting feelings and behaviour, and has long been considered to originate from abnormalities in the formation of associative memories. However, a new study published in Molecular ... Full story

Migraine

UC Researchers Affirm Diet Can Impact Migraines

UC Researchers Affirm Diet Can Impact Migraines Eliminating that morning ‘Cup of Joe,’ consuming processed foods high in nitrites or monosodium glutamate (MSG) and enjoying too much alcohol are potential headache ... Full story

Breast Cancer

Natural Compound Found in Herbs, Vegetables Could Improve Treatment of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer in Women

Story Contact: Jeff Sossamon, 573-882-3346, [email protected] COLUMBIA, Mo. – More than 100 women die from breast cancer every day in the United States. Triple-negative breast cancers, which comprise 15 to 20 ... Full story

Lung Cancer

Team’s discovery offers new insight on lung cancer risk

Bill Snyder Researchers in the Schools of Medicine and Engineering at Vanderbilt University have discovered a proteomic “signature” from the airways of heavy smokers that could lead to better risk assessment ... Full story

Ovarian Cancer

Insight on ovarian cancer

By Ziba Kashef Tumor-associated macrophages promote spheroid formation at an early stage of tumor growth in mouse ovarian cancer models. Ovarian cancer is difficult to diagnose at early stages. Once it has ... Full story

Irritable bowel syndrome

IBS affects women's quality of life more than men's

Double work and a high embarrassment factor can lead to the quality of life being affected more among women than men by irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a very common gastrointestinal ... Full story

Disorders and Conditions

New Guidelines for Managing Hyperthyroidism and Other Causes of Thyrotoxicosis Published in Thyroid Journal

New Rochelle, NY — New evidence-based recommendations from the American Thyroid Association (ATA) provide guidance to clinicians in the management of patients with all forms of thyrotoxicosis (excessively high thyroid ... Full story

Allergy

Interleukin-1α causes people to choke on air

Photos of cities darkened by pollution are becoming evermore common. These same cities are seeing a rise in cases of asthma and other respiratory ailments, marking a relationship between pollution ... Full story

Sleep

Genetics links sleep disturbance with restless legs syndrome, schizophrenia, and obesity

A team of American and British scientists have for the first time discovered genetic connections between sleep disturbance and a range of medical disorders including obesity. ... Full story

Pain

Pain relief without the high

Researchers at Leiden University led by Mario van der Stelt (Leiden Institute for Chemistry) have set ‘gold standards’ for developing new painkillers based on the medicinal effects of cannabis. Publication ... Full story

Drugs Approvals and Trials

Children remain underrepresented in drug research says Purdue expert, new tools can help

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. – Children continue to be underrepresented in drug and medical research, making them less likely to receive personalized health-care treatments for life-threatening conditions such as cancer and ... Full story

Environmental Health

New report calls for increased monitoring of US drinking water supplies

ANN ARBOR—Monitoring of U.S. drinking water supplies for chemical and microbial contaminants should be increased, especially for vulnerable populations such as pregnant women, infants and young children, according to the ... Full story

Eyes and Vision

Vision impairment and eye diseases continue to be concerns for Ebola survivors

The acute outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) has subsided in West Africa, but the medical community continues to learn about long-term complications for survivors – including the potential for ... Full story

Female Reproductive

How estrogen modulates fear learning -- molecular insight into PTSD

Low estrogen levels may make women more susceptible to the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at some points in their menstrual cycles or lifetimes, while high estrogen levels may ... Full story

Genetics and Birth Defects

Three-Parent Babies: The Science of Replacing Mitochondrial DNA and What Remains Unknown

Mitochondrial replacement therapy (MRT) has now been used in humans to conceive a “three-parent baby” to prevent inherited mitochondrial disorders, but there remain questions about the effectiveness of the process. ... Full story

Flu

A sudden drop in outdoor temperature increases the risk of respiratory infections

You can pretty much put a mark in your calendar for when the annual flu epidemic begins. Using 20,000 virus samples and weather statistics, researchers have now discovered more details ... Full story

HIV and AIDS

Study Explores How to Tell Children They Have HIV

By Anne Wolf   Research assistant Betty Nyangoma talks with a study participant. For the past two years, Rachel King, PhD, MPH, an academic coordinator at UCSF Global Health Sciences, has been helping ... Full story

Life style and Fitness

Yo-Yo dieting dangerous even if you’re not overweight

•Losing and regaining weight repeatedly, known as weight cycling or yo-yo dieting, may increase the risk of death from heart disease among postmenopausal women. •The increased risk was for women who ... Full story

Lungs and Breathing

Nanoparticle Exposure Can Awaken Dormant Viruses in the Lungs

Nanoparticles from combustion engines can activate viruses that are dormant in in lung tissue cells. This is the result of a study by researchers of Helmholtz Zentrum München, a partner ... Full story

Asthma

Protein IL-33 found to drive allergic sensitivity in the neonatal lung

Scientists from the lab of Bart Lambrecht (VIB-UGent) and Erasmus University have found evidence that interleukin-33 (IL-33), a protein created by white blood cells, is a key driver of allergic ... Full story

Male Reproductive

Men have a lot to learn about their own fertility

Men generally have limited awareness of those factors that may contribute to their infertility, according to a survey conducted by researchers at the Lady Davis Institute ... Full story

ADHD

UC Study Looks at ADHD Treatment in Teens at Risk for Bipolar Disorder

CINCINNATI—A study at the University of Cincinnati (UC) will look at brain changes in adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, known as ADHD, before and after treatment with medication. ... Full story

Bipolar disorder

People with bipolar disorder more than twice as likely to have suffered childhood adversity

•Better understanding of risk factors that can be used to improve detection and treatment urgently needed •People with bipolar disorder are 2.63 times more likely to have suffered emotional, physical or ... Full story

Obesity

Lap band surgery benefits very obese adolescents

Lap band surgery has significant benefits for severely obese teenagers and, despite its controversial nature, should still be considered as a first option to manage obesity during adolescence, a new ... Full story

Pregnancy and Childbirth

Older mothers more likely to face birth complications

Pregnant women over 35 years old are more likely to have complications at birth due to delayed and longer labour stages, according to new research from King’s College London. ... Full story

Breast Feeding

Nutrition protects against the impact of stress on the brain in early life

Young mice that grow up in stressful circumstances go on to have fewer cognitive-impairments and memory problems as adults if they are given enriched breast milk. This has been revealed ... Full story

Skin, Hair and Nails

Research on sweat glands suggests a route to better skin grafts

  Hair first, sweat later: Researchers found that two opposing signaling pathways guide the formation of hair follicles and sweat glands. In humans, hair follicles emerge first (pink), followed by sweat ... Full story

Substance Abuse

Heavy alcohol use in adolescence alters brain electrical activity

ong-term heavy use of alcohol in adolescence alters cortical excitability and functional connectivity in the brain, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University ... Full story

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