Gastric Sleeve Diet: What To Eat, Avoid, Diet Plan & Tips 2023
Gastric sleeve, or sleeve gastrectomy, is a popular surgery that can help you lose excess weight and improve your overall health. This procedure removes a portion of the stomach to reduce food intake and decrease hunger. The procedure itself, though, is not a silver bullet to healthy weight loss. You must also follow dietary guidelines pre and post-gastric sleeve surgery to ensure the best possible outcomes.
You can reach your desired weight loss goals safely and effectively by following a specialized gastric sleeve diet plan, plus tips and guidelines on what low-calorie foods to eat and avoid. It can all seem a little overwhelming, so we have condensed all that information for you into this handy guide!
What Is A Gastric Sleeve Surgery?
A gastric sleeve surgery is a type of weight loss surgery that helps people who struggle with obesity to reduce their daily caloric intake. A surgeon removes up to two-thirds of your stomach during the procedure and seals off the remaining portion. This leaves you with a smaller stomach shaped like a sleeve or tube and is only about the size of a banana, which facilitates early satiety, alters hunger hormones, and reduces appetite so you can lose weight faster and easier.
Both pre and post-surgery, you are encouraged to follow a healthier lifestyle and consider nutritional supplementation. Some gastric sleeve procedures, such as a single-anastomosis duodenal-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy, will mean less ability to consume nutrients from food, as it not only reduces the amount of hydrochloric acid and intrinsic factor available for digestion but bypasses a part of the small intestine where nutrients are absorbed.
When all guidelines are followed, surgery patients can expect to lose at least 50% of their excess weight, though a percentage do not reach this goal over the long term.
Aside from the gastric sleeve, other kinds of bariatric surgeries are designed for weight loss and improved health outcomes, such as gastric bypass and lap band surgery. Every individual’s case is different, so it’s best to consult a doctor before deciding which type of bariatric procedure is right for you.
- A gastric sleeve is a type of weight loss surgery that helps people who struggle with obesity to reduce their daily caloric intake.
- Gastric sleeve patients should eat smaller meals more frequently and avoid highly processed, high-fat foods.
- It is essential to supplement with vitamins and minerals after bariatric surgery to prevent deficiencies.
Foods To Eat On A Gastric Sleeve Diet
Gastric sleeve patients need to be aware of the dietary changes that come with bariatric surgery. Patients will usually follow a gastric sleeve pre-op diet. A gastric sleeve liquid diet pre-op is unnecessary, but there will be a two-week liquid diet phase post-op. The dietary recommendations at every step are designed to help you lose and keep weight off. Foods recommended for a gastric sleeve diet include lean proteins, low-fat dairy, fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
Eating smaller meals more frequently can also help control hunger and cravings. Avoid processed, refined and sugary foods along with high-fat meats. Consider that you will need supplementation for the rest of your life, even if you change your lifestyle for the better.
As your new stomach will not be able to absorb food as it used to, it could benefit from gut and digestive healing foods, such as yogurt and bone broth, or even gut and digestive healing supplements.
In addition to eating the right types of food, drinking water is essential for gastric sleeve patients, and sixty-four ounces of fluid per day is recommended. Staying hydrated helps keep you feeling full and promotes better digestion. A diet rich in protein can also help preserve lean body mass during weight loss, so make sure to include some in each meal.
Finally, be patient with yourself during the process of changing your diet. Learning to eat healthier takes time, and most people make mistakes along the way. Working with your bariatric nutrition team for support as you transition to your new lifestyle is crucial.
Gastric Sleeve Meal Size And Frequency
Smaller meal sizes are important after gastric sleeve surgery. Eating larger meals can stretch the stomach and cause discomfort along with the possibility of tearing your surgical stitches, leading to internal bleeding and the need for revision surgery. Instead, eating five to six small meals throughout the day or two larger meals with two snacks in between is recommended.
Foods should be soft and moist and should not require much chewing. Nutrient-dense foods such as lean proteins, fruits, and vegetables are best for gastric sleeve patients. Eating a balanced diet with supplementation helps ensure you get all the important vitamins and minerals your body needs.
Should I Follow A Gastric Sleeve Liquid Diet?
Gastric sleeve patients must follow a liquid diet for two weeks (avoiding caffeine and sugar substitutes) after the procedure. It is a strict diet, and during this time, the body is healing and adjusting, so it is vital to give it the nutrients it needs without stressing the new stomach anatomy. Pureed foods such as yogurt, oatmeal, and soups can be eaten during this post-surgical window, but not solid foods.
After a few weeks of pureed food and with your doctor’s permission, you may add soft foods. About eight weeks post-op, you can progress to firmer foods than your soft diet allows and start incorporating more fiber into your diet.
Foods To Avoid
Foods to avoid on a post-surgery gastric sleeve diet plan after your liquid and pureed diets include high-fat dairy products, fried foods, carbonated beverages, fruit juice, rice, pasta, and processed meats. Rice and pasta are avoided because of their starch content they tend to form a paste in the digestive tract making it difficult to swallow without liquids. You should also try to steer clear of high-calorie snacks like candy bars or chips. You only have a small amount of stomach left; best not to waste it on junk food!
Eating large portions of food after gastric sleeve surgery can lead to dumping syndrome, in which the body reacts unpleasantly when too much food is consumed at once. Drinking alcohol can also cause dumping syndrome, so it is best to avoid or limit your intake of alcoholic beverages and be sure to eat slowly.
In general, a balanced diet for gastric sleeve patients should include plenty of lean proteins, fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and healthy fats like nuts, seeds, and avocado, along with supplementation of critical nutrients such as vitamin B12, iron, calcium, and vitamin D.
What Is Dumping Syndrome?
Dumping syndrome is a condition that occurs when food, especially sugar, moves too quickly from the stomach to the small intestine. It can cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, bloating, dizziness or lightheadedness, feeling overly full or tired after eating, and even diarrhea. Gastric sleeves reduce the stomach size, making dumping syndrome more likely.
Gastric Sleeve Diet Plan
Once you have passed the liquid diet and pureed foods stage of your post-surgery journey, it is time to reintroduce solid foods. This sample diet plan is designed for at least six to eight weeks post-surgery once your bariatric team has given you the all-clear to reintroduce solid foods to your diet. Soft foods may, of course, still be eaten!
Bariatric Surgery Meal Ideas
- Breakfast: Start the day with a balanced breakfast that includes a good source of protein, such as Greek yogurt or eggs. Add some fresh fruit and a whole grain like oatmeal or toast for fiber. You could also opt for a smoothie with some protein powder.
- Lunch: Choose something light, like a salad with leafy greens; add some fibrous vegetables such as tomatoes and cucumbers, and top it off with a lean protein, such as grilled chicken or tuna. Make sure to use a minimal amount of dressing to keep calories down. A piece of fresh fruit can be added as well.
- Snack: Nuts are an excellent snack option because they contain monounsaturated fatty acids, which help regulate appetite hormones. Other snacks could include string cheese or hard-boiled eggs.
- Dinner: Fill plates with lean proteins such as fish, chicken, or tofu and non-starchy vegetables like broccoli, spinach, or Brussels sprouts cooked in olive oil.
- Dessert: Choose low-calorie options like fresh fruit with a sprinkle of cinnamon or Greek yogurt topped with berries for dessert to satisfy sweet cravings without overindulging in unhealthy treats.
Tips To Eat On A Gastric Sleeve Diet
In addition to your healthy new diet, there are some things you should do to aid the digestion of your food.
- Eat slowly and chew food thoroughly to aid digestion.
- Avoid carbonated beverages.
- Drink plenty of fluids between meals, but not with them, as they can fill you up too quickly.
- Aim for three small meals and two snacks per day instead of large meals, as this will help control hunger levels and ensure you’re getting enough nutrition.
The Importance Of Taking Supplements Pre And Post Surgery
Supplementation after bariatric surgery is paramount for successful weight loss and health maintenance. Without adequate supplementation, patients may suffer from nutrient deficiencies, leading to serious long-term health problems such as anemia, osteoporosis, increased risk of infection, hair loss, and fatigue.
Supplements are generally composed of multivitamins and individual vitamins and minerals that have been shown to be deficient in post-bariatric surgery patients.
The recommended dietary intakes of certain nutrients may not apply to sleeve gastrectomy patients; for example, gastrectomy patients need 1,200-1,500 milligrams of calcium after surgery, whereas the RDI is 1,000-1,200 mg, depending on your sex. Furthermore, to enhance absorption, calcium citrate supplementation is recommended to be taken three times a day as opposed to once and should not be taken at the same time as iron supplements. Hence, the importance of consulting a registered dietitian for your supplement regimen is crucial.
Individual supplements such as B12 should be supplemented sublingually or by injection since its absorption in the stomach is impaired from the lack of intrinsic factor, a protein produced in the stomach that binds to B12 to enable absorption. If taken orally, administer 500 micrograms daily.
In addition to ensuring adequate nutrition levels after bariatric surgery, supplementation also helps reduce cravings for unhealthy foods that could counter the positive effects of the surgery. Vitamins should be chewable or liquid for the first several months after surgery.
The main nutrients affected by gastric sleeve surgery are iron, B12, calcium, and vitamin D. These may need to be supplemented for life due to reduced gastric acid, which helps to break down nutrients, and reduced intrinsic factor, which is important for the uptake of B12.
Gastric sleeve surgery, other forms of bariatric surgery, and post-op dietary requirements are effective weight loss interventions that require careful planning and monitoring. To maximize the benefits of this diet, it’s important to create a meal plan that consists of balanced meals with nutrient-dense foods like vegetables, fruits, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats and follow a supplementation regime.
Additionally, drinking plenty of water throughout the day and avoiding sugary drinks can help you to stay hydrated and reduce sugar and hunger cravings. Keeping track of progress with your bariatric nutrition team and adjusting the diet when necessary is essential for long-term success.
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